Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of energy consumption (tsdcc220)

Indicator Profile (ESMS)

Data tables: tsdcc220

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4.Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Dissemination format
11. Accessibility of documentation
12. Quality management
13. Relevance
14. Accuracy
15. Timeliness and punctuality
16. Comparability
17. Coherence
18. Cost and Burden
19. Data revision
20. Statistical processing
21. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
Eurostat Quality Profile
14.1. Accuracy - overall High
16.1. Comparability - geographical High
16.2. Comparability - over time High
20.1. Source data ESS

Description of Eurostat quality grading system under the following link.



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

Download


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union
1.2. Contact organisation unit E5: Energy
1.5. Contact mail address 2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 26/02/2013
2.2. Metadata last posted 26/02/2013
2.3. Metadata last update 26/02/2013


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

The greenhouse gas intensity of energy consumption is the ratio between two sub-indicators: energy-related greenhouse gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) and gross inland energy consumption.
The greenhouse gas emissions included in the calculation are those of source category 1 (Energy) under UNFCCC:
 1. Energy
  1A Fuel combustion activities
  1A1 Energy industries
  1A2 Manufacturing industries and construction
  1A3 Transport
  1A4 Other sectors
  1A5 Other
  1B Fugitive emissions from fuels
 2. Gross inland energy consumption is the total energy demand of a country or region and reflects the demand for primary energy. It represents the quantity of energy necessary to satisfy inland consumption of the geographical entity under consideration.

Gross inland energy consumption covers:
  - consumption by the energy sector itself;
  - distribution and transformation losses;
  - final energy consumption by end users;
  - ´statistical differences´ (not already captured in the figures on primary energy consumption and final energy consumption).

Gross inland consumption does not include energy (fuel oil) provided to international maritime bunkers.
Gross inland consumption is calculated by Eurostat as follows:
primary production+ from other sources + recovered products + imports - exports + variations of stocks bunkers.

The indicator is a Sustainable Development Indicator (SDI). It has been chosen for the assessment of the progress towards the objectives and targets of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy.

tsdcc220´s table: Eurobase>Tables by themes>Environment and Energy> Energy > Energy Statistics: Main indicators > Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of energy consumption (tsdcc220)

tsdcc220´s table within the SDI set: Eurobase>Tables on EU policy>Sustainable Development Indicators>Climate change and energy>Climate change>Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of energy consumption (tsdcc220)

3.2. Classification system
Classification in DPSIR (Driving forces, Pressures, State, Impacts, Responses): Response
3.3. Coverage - sector
Not available
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions
The greenhouse gas intensity of energy consumption is the ratio between energy-related greenhouse gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) and gross inland energy consumption.
3.5. Statistical unit

Gross inland energy consumption: Data are obtained from the National Administrations competent for energy statistics.

3.6. Statistical population

Greenhouse gas emissions:
All anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer in the Member State from the energy sector.

3.7. Reference area
EU-27 Member States, candidate and acceding Countries and EFTA. (Gross inland energy consumption data is also available for the United States and Japan)
3.8. Coverage - Time
1990 to (t-2), being t the year of the latest inventory report.
3.9. Base period
The indicator greenhouse gas intensity of energy consumption is measured in comparison to the values for the year 2000 (Index 2000 = 100).


4. Unit of measure Top

The indicator greenhouse gas intensity of energy consumption is measured in comparison to the values for the year 2000 (Index 2000 = 100).

Emissions of Greenhouse gas: CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, weighted by their global warming potentials, in 1000 tonnes of CO2 equivalent.

Gross inland energy consumption: 1000 tonnes of oil equivalent.


5. Reference Period Top
The calendar year.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Greenhouse gas emissions:
The legal basis for the compilation of the EU inventory is Council Decision No. 280/2004/EC concerning a mechanism for monitoring Community greenhouse gas emissions and for implementing the Kyoto Protocol. The purpose of this decision is:
1. to monitor all anthropogenic GHG emissions covered by the Kyoto Protocol in the Member States;
2. to evaluate progress towards meeting GHG reduction commitments under the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol;
3. to implement UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol obligations relating to national programmes, greenhouse gas inventories, national systems and registries of the EU and its Member States, and the relevant procedures under the Kyoto Protocol;
4. to ensure the timeliness, completeness, accuracy, consistency, comparability and transparency of reporting by the EU and its Member States to the UNFCCC secretariat. The reporting requirements for the Member States under Council Decision 280/2004/EC are elaborated in the Commission Decision 2005/166/EC laying down rules implementing Decision 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning a mechanism for monitoring Community greenhouse gas emissions and for implementing the Kyoto Protocol.

Decision 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community´s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020.


Gross inland energy consumption:
Energy data are compiled on the basis of the data collected under the standard collection cycles of the "Energy Statistics Unit". The relevant energy data collections are regulated since 2008 with the entry-into-force of the Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 on Energy Statistics.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing
Not available


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy
Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the acess to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment
Not available


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar
Not available
8.2. Release calendar access
Not available
8.3. Release policy - user access
In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat´s website (see item 10 - ´Dissemination format´) respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Greenhouse gas intensity of energy consumption:
Annually.

Greenhouse gas emissions:
Annually. The final submission of the EU greenhouse gas inventory to the UNFCCC is 27th May of every year. Publication by the EEA follows within a week from its official submission.

Gross inland energy consumption:
Data are disseminated on annual and monthly basis. Annual data are provided by Member States to Eurostat 11 months after the reference year and monthly data are provided three months after the reference month (M+3). The data are validated and published by Eurostat in Eurobase.


10. Dissemination format Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Greenhouse gas emissions:
The press release on the EU greenhouse gas inventory to the UNFCCC is sent to a network of approximately 10,000 journalists worldwide.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications
Eurostat Statistics in focus. 43/2010.
Sustainable development in the European Union - 2009 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy
Driving forces behind EU-27 greenhouse gas emissions over the decade 1999-2008 - Statistics in focus 10/2011
Energy, transport and environment indicators - Pocketbook 2011
Sustainable development in the European Union - 2011 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy.
10.3. Dissemination format - online database
Eurostat Eurobase data table
Eurostat Eurobase graph
Eurostat Eurobase map
10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access
Not available
10.5. Dissemination format - other
Not available


11. Accessibility of documentation Top
11.1. Documentation on methodology

Greenhouse gas emissions:
Statistical processing (Source data, Frequency of data collection, Data collection, Data validation, Data compilation, Adjustment):
See UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories;
Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories;
and, Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories:.

Gross inland energy consumption:
Detailed information on the relevant methodology as well as documentation links can be found in the ´Energy quantities methodology sheet´ found in the Summary Methodology Sheets:
Definitions - Solid Fuels
Questionnaire - Solid Fuels
Definitions - Oil
Questionnaire - Oil
Definitions - Gas
Questionnaire - Gas
Definitions - Electricity
Questionnaire - Electricity
Definitions - Renewables
Questionnaire - Renewables
Questionnaire - Solid Fuels
Definitions - Solid Fuels
Questionnaire - Electricity
Questionnaire - Electricity

See Indicator SDI – “Gross inland energy consumption, by fuel – tsdcc320”.

See also ESMS Energy statistics – Main indicators.

11.2. Quality management - documentation
Not available


12. Quality management Top
12.1. Quality assurance
Not available
12.2. Quality management - assessment

High

Data is collected from reliable sources applying high standards with regard to the methodology. Shortcomings with regard to comparability across countries are well documented.

(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)


13. Relevance Top
13.1. Relevance - User Needs

Key policy question:
Is there a decoupling of EU greenhouse gas emissions from gross inland energy consumption?

Key message:
For an assessment of the progress that has been achieved towards the related key policy question see:
Sustainable development in the European Union - 2011 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy.

Rationale:
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) aims at stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous man-made interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.
The Kyoto protocol encouraged appropriate reforms in relevant sectors aimed at promoting policies and measures that limit or reduce emissions of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol (Kyoto Protocol, Article 2).
The countries shall individually or jointly, ensure that their aggregate anthropogenic carbon dioxide equivalent emissions of the greenhouse gases do not exceed their assigned amounts, calculated pursuant to their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments, with a view to rducing their overall emissions of such gases by at least 5 per cent below 1990 levels in the commitment period 2008 to 2012 (Kyoto Protocol, Article 3).
The Brussels European Council (2003) invited Member States to accelerate progress towards meeting the Kyoto Protocol targets, including the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, inviting the Environment Council to examine setting indicative targets in a cost-efficient manner and with minimum distortionary effects and achieving a final agreement on the emissions trading Directive.

13.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction
Not available
13.3. Completeness
See data table tsdcc220.


14. Accuracy Top
14.1. Accuracy - overall

High

The nature of the basic data is annual emission estimates by sources and sinks. Accuracy of the data is ensured by annual Greenhouse gas inventories and regular review procedures carried out by independent experts. All Member States as parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) prepare individual GHG inventories each year in accordance with UNFCCC reporting guidelines (UNFCCC Reporting Guidelines on Annual Inventories; FCCC/CP/2002/8) and submit those inventories to the Commission. The main institutions involved in the checking of the data and compilation of the EC GHG inventory are the DG ENV (political level), European Environmental Agency (EEA) (technical level) and European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC), Eurostat and the Joint Research Centre (JRC)(checking). In case of missing data a special gap-filling procedure is applied. The gap-filling methodologies are described in the ETC/ACC Technical Paper 2004/2 (August 2004). Emissions reported for the most recent year are taken as approximated estimate for the missing year. In order to improve the quality of the Inventory reports, the Member States take part in the review and comment on the draft EC Inventory report.
(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)
14.2. Sampling error
Not available
14.3. Non-sampling error
Not available


15. Timeliness and punctuality Top
15.1. Timeliness
Not available
15.2. Punctuality
Not available


16. Comparability Top
16.1. Comparability - geographical

High

DG ENV, EEA ETC/ACC, Eurostat and JRC perform initial checks on the submitted data and the Member States send updates if necessary. In general, the base year for CO2, CH4 and N2O is 1990, and 1995 for the fluorinated gases (1990 for France and Finland). Some exceptions: Bulgaria (1988), Hungary (average 198587), Poland (1988), Romania (1989) and Slovenia (1986). Most of the new member States have difficulties in reporting all fluorinated gases. The gap-filling procedure is not applied due to the lack of any data. Those shortcomings are well documented in the Inventory reports. Data gaps still exist for a few years/gases for Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Malta and Poland. Gap-filling has been applied for these countries to ensure comparability, except Cyprus (no data available). Differences in the methodologies, background activity data or emission factors used in the Member States are documented in the inventory reports.
See also 14.1. Overall accuracy.
(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)
16.2. Comparability - over time

High

Data is revised and updated for all years to ensure that the same methodology is applied for the whole time series.
See also 14.1. Overall accuracy.
(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)


17. Coherence Top
17.1. Coherence - cross domain
Not available
17.2. Coherence - internal

Within the SDI set:
SDI: Greenhouse gas emissions (tsdcc100)
SDI: Projections of GHG emissions (tsdcc230)
SDI: GHG emissions by sector (tsdcc210)
SDI: GHG emissions from transport (tsdtr410)
SDI: Average carbon dioxide emissions per km from new passenger cars (tsdtr450)

Outside the SDI set:
CSI: Greenhouse gas emission trends (CSI 010)
CSI: Greenhouse gas emission projections (CSI 011)
TERM: Transport emissions of greenhouse gases (TERM 02)


18. Cost and Burden Top
Not available


19. Data revision Top
19.1. Data revision - policy
Not available
19.2. Data revision - practice
Not available


20. Statistical processing Top
20.1. Source data

ESS

Data set 1: Greenhouse gas emissions
Data set provider: European Environment Agency (EEA)
Link to the data source:
National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism
EEA aggregated and gap filled air emission data

Data set 2: Gross inland energy consumption
Data set provider: Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
Link to the data source:
Supply, transformation, consumption - all products - annual data (nrg_100a)
Gross inland consumption of primary energy - [ten00086] or see sustainable development indicator (SDI) Gross inland energy consumption, by fuel - [tsdcc320]; All Products.

20.2. Frequency of data collection
Annually
20.3. Data collection

Greenhouse gas emissions:
The main institutions involved in the compilation of the EU greenhouse gas inventory are the EU Member States, the European Commission Directorate General for Climate Action (DG CLIMA), the European Environment Agency (EEA) and its European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC), Eurostat and the Joint Research Centre (JRC). Each Member State is responsible for the preparation of its own national greenhouse gas inventory which is the basis for the inventory of the European Union. A description of the institutional arrangements for the preparation of the EU greenhouse gas inventory can be found in the inventory report.

Gross inland energy consumption:
Energy quantities data are currently collected on a gentlemen´s agreement basis with EU-Member States, Candidate countries and EFTA countries through five annual questionnaires (Joint Eurostat/IEA/UNECE questionnaires) covering Coal, Oil, Natural Gas, Electricity and heat and Renewables and wastes and six monthly questionnaires (four Eurostat questionnaires and two questionnaires common with other international organisations) covering Oil, Solid fuels and Electricity.
The variables to be provided are under Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008. Data on energy quantities have to be provided by filling in 5 joint annual questionnaires, three monthly questionnaires (deadline 3 months after reference month) and three short-term monthly questionnaires (deadline one month after reference months)

20.4. Data validation
Not available
20.5. Data compilation

The greenhouse gas intensity of energy consumption is the ratio between two sub-indicators: energy-related greenhouse gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) and gross inland energy consumption.


Greenhouse gas emissions:
The European Union (EU) as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) reports annually its greenhouse gas inventory for the year t-2 and within the area covered by its Member States. The EU greenhouse gas inventory is the most relevant and accurate source of information on greenhouse gas emissions in the EU, and serves to monitor all anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol. The inventory contains data on carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). The EU inventory is fully consistent with national greenhouse gas inventories compiled by the EU Member States.


Gross inland energy consumption:
Data are obtained from the National Administrations competent for energy statistics. In Italy, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Malta, Estonia, Slovenia, Poland, Rumania, Bulgaria Turkey and Norway it is the statistical office that sends the questionnaires to Eurostat, while for the remaining Member States it is the Ministry responsible for energy or a National energy Agency/Authority that is providing the energy data. Questionnaires in standardized electronic format are collected from the national authorities via data transmission over the Internet. Through these electronic questionnaires, Member States report to Eurostat basic data in fuel specific Units. These data are then converted to ´common units´, i.e. Terajoules and tonnes of oil equivalent, using calorific values either reported in the questionnaires (e.g. solid fuels questionnaire) or Eurostat default values (e.g. petroleum products). Aggregates by sector are calculated by the summation of sub-sectors in fuel specific and common units. The aggregation of fuels is more complex and the total all fuels is calculated only after converting the data in common units. Finally country aggregations, such as EU-27, etc. are formed by the summation of data in specific units or the summation of the already converted data in common units.

20.6. Adjustment
Not available


21. Comment Top

References:
The following sources have been used for developing this indicator profile:


Greenhouse gas emissions :
Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure ESMS: ´Greenhouse Gas Emissions´
Eurostat Statistical Books: Sustainable development in the European Union - 2011 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy, climate change and energy chapter (indicator presented page 229)
EEA - Greenhouse gas emission trends (CSI 010) - Assessment published Oct 2012
EEA - Greenhouse gas emission trends (CSI 010) - Indicator specification
Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2011 - Tracking progress towards Kyoto and 2020 targets


Gross inland energy consumption:
Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure ESMS: Energy Statistics - quantities

Copyrights:
Eurostat Copyright/License Policy is applicable.


Related metadata Top
nrg_indic_esms - Energy statistics - main indicators


Annexes Top