Lifelong learning (trng)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4.Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Dissemination format
11. Accessibility of documentation
12. Quality management
13. Relevance
14. Accuracy
15. Timeliness and punctuality
16. Comparability
17. Coherence
18. Cost and Burden
19. Data revision
20. Statistical processing
21. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Unit F5: Education, health and social protection

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 06/08/2014
2.2. Metadata last posted 06/08/2014
2.3. Metadata last update 06/08/2014


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Lifelong learning statistics focus on learning activities after the end of initial education. There are three main sources providing information on lifelong learning at EU level:

- The Adult Education Survey (AES): a pilot survey took place in 2007 and starting from the 2011 AES the survey is carried out every five years. The AES provides information on the participation of individuals aged 25 to 64 in education and training according to the three forms of learning activities defined in the Classification of Learning Activities (CLA): formal, non-formal and informal learning as well as on the purpose of the learning activities. The reference period for the participation in education and training is the twelve months prior to the interview.

- The Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS) complements the AES results with information on learning activities sponsored by the employer (i.e. at least partially financed by the employer) to support employees' skills developments. The reference period for the provision of continuing vocational training is the calendar year. The CVTS was conducted for the reference years 1993, 1999, 2005 and 2010.

- The EU Labour Force Survey (LFS) provides annual results for the indicator 'lifelong learning' (participation of people aged 25-64 in education and training) used for regular EU policy monitoring. The reference period for the participation in education and training is the four weeks prior to the interview.

The corresponding results are available in the online database on Eurostat's website.

In addition to these series, an ad-hoc module to the LFS was carried out in 2003 on lifelong learning with similar characteristics as the AES (12-month reference period). Data from this module are displayed in the folder ‘Past series on lifelong learning and continuing vocational training’ on Eurostat's online database. This folder also presents 2007 AES and 1999-2005 CVTS data which are not comparable with 2011 AES and 2010 CVTS results due to methodological changes. 1993 CVTS data are not available on Eurostat's online database but main results are available here.

3.2. Classification system

- International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED): ISCED 1997 until 2013 and ISCED 2011 as from 2014;

- Classification of Learning Activities (CLA);

- Classification of economic activities (NACE): NACE Rev. 1.1 until 2008 and NACE Rev. 2 as from 2008;

- Classifications of Occupations (ISCO): ISCO-COM 88 until 2010 and ISCO 08 as from 2011;

- Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics: NUTS.

3.3. Coverage - sector

CVTS covers enterprises with 10 or more persons employed and economic activities defined in NACE Rev. 1 sections C to K and O or NACE Rev. 2 sections B to N and R to S.

AES and LFS cover all economic sectors.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Concepts

 

Lifelong learning: all learning activitiesundertaken throughout life (after the end of initial education) with the aim of improving knowledge, skills and competences, within personal, civic, social, and employment-related perspectives.

Learning activities: any activities of an individual organised with the intention to improve his/her knowledge, skills, and competences. Intentional learning (as opposed to random learning) is defined as a deliberate search for knowledge, skills or competences. Organised learning is defined as learning planned in a pattern or sequence with explicit or implicit aims.

Formal education and training is defined as education provided by the system of schools, colleges, universities and other formal educational institutions that normally constitutes a continuous "ladder" of full-time education for children and young people, generally beginning at the age of 5 to 7 and continuing to up to 20 or 25 years old. Formal education leads to a learning achievement (qualification or award) that can be positioned within the National Framework of Qualification (NFQ).

Non-formal education and training is defined as any organised and sustained learning activities that do not correspond exactly to the above definition of formal education. Non-formal education may therefore take place both within and outside educational institutions and cater to people of all ages. Depending on national contexts, it may cover educational programmes to impart adult literacy, life-skills, work-skills, and general culture.

Employer-sponsored education and training refers to learning activities sponsored by the employer, i.e. financed in total or at least partially by the employer; part financing could include the use of work time for the training activity, i.e. the training activity takes place during paid working time (continuing vocational training).

Participation in education and training in the last 12 months versus in the last 4 weeks:

The mainindicator derived from the AES is the ‘participation rate in education and training (last 12 months)’ which is the percentage of people aged 25 to 64 who participated in at least one formal or non-formal education and training activity in the 12 months preceding the survey.

The main indicator derived from the LFS is the ‘participation rate in education and training (last 4 weeks)’ which is the percentage of people aged 25 to 64 (excluding people who did not answer the questions on 'participation to education and training') who received education or training in the four weeks preceding the survey.

For further information on the different reference periods please see here.

3.5. Statistical unit

- Individuals living in private households for the AES and the EU-LFS.

- Enterprises for the CVTS.

3.6. Statistical population

- The AES covers the population aged 25 to 64 and living in private households.

- For the EU-LFS see employ_esms

- The CVTS covers enterprises with 10 or more persons employed of specific economic sectors (see item 3.3. Coverage - sector above).

3.7. Reference area

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

3.8. Coverage - Time

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top

Total number, rates, EUR.


5. Reference Period Top

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

See the list of regulations related to the three sources in CIRCABC.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not applicable.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Lifelong learning indicators based on LFS are updated twice a year:

- in spring along with the release of data for quarter 4 and averages of quarters 1 to 4 and

- in autumn with the release of LFS quarter 2 data.

8.2. Release calendar access

See release calendar for EU-LFS.

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10. Dissemination format) respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

- Lifelong learning indicators based on LFS data are disseminated annually.

- AES and CVTS data are disseminated every five years.


10. Dissemination format Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Ad-hoc news releases when required.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Online tables on lifelong learning from all three sources are available in the domain ‘lifelong learning (trng)’, see http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/statistics/search_database.

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

See http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/microdata/introduction.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

See: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat.


11. Accessibility of documentation Top
11.1. Documentation on methodology

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

11.2. Quality management - documentation

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


12. Quality management Top
12.1. Quality assurance

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

12.2. Quality management - assessment

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


13. Relevance Top
13.1. Relevance - User Needs

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

13.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

13.3. Completeness

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


14. Accuracy Top
14.1. Accuracy - overall

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

14.2. Sampling error

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

14.3. Non-sampling error

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


15. Timeliness and punctuality Top
15.1. Timeliness

- LFS annual data are released approximately 4 months after the end of the reference year.

- AES data are released within the year following the end of the data collection.

- CVTS data are released about two years after the reference year.

15.2. Punctuality

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


16. Comparability Top
16.1. Comparability - geographical

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

16.2. Comparability - over time

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


17. Coherence Top
17.1. Coherence - cross domain

See section 3.1

17.2. Coherence - internal

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


18. Cost and Burden Top

Not available.


19. Data revision Top
19.1. Data revision - policy

Lifelong learning indicators based on LFS are published twice a year (spring, autumn - see section 8.1. Release calendar). Revisions are usually made when major errors are identified in the data delivered or in their processing. Nevertheless, ad-hoc revisions due to methodological or reference changes may also happen e.g. after new estimates of population from a population census.

For AES and CVTS published data are only revised when major errors are identified in the data delivered or in their processing.

19.2. Data revision - practice

For the EU-LFS see the corresponding statistics explained articles (LFS).

AES and CVTS: not available.


20. Statistical processing Top
20.1. Source data

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

20.2. Frequency of data collection

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

20.3. Data collection

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

20.4. Data validation

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

20.5. Data compilation

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).

20.6. Adjustment

See the corresponding reference metadata (AES, CVTS) or statistics explained articles (LFS).


21. Comment Top

For further information about lifelong learning statistics please consult CIRCABC.


Related metadata Top
employ_esms - Employment and unemployment (Labour Force Survey)
trng_aes_esms - Adult Education Survey
trng_cvts_esms - Continuing Vocational Training


Annexes Top