Description of dataset
The European Union Structure of Earnings Survey (SES) in accordance with Council Regulation n° 530/1999 is conducted in the 28 Member States of the European Union as well as candidate countries and countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA).
The objective of the Structure of Earnings Survey is to provide accurate and harmonised data on earnings in EU Member States, Candidate Countries and EFTA countries for policy-making and research purposes. The SES is a large enterprise sample survey providing detailed and comparable information on the relationships between the level of remuneration and individual characteristics of employees (sex, age, occupation, length of service, highest educational level attained, etc.) and those of their employer (economic activity, size and location of the enterprise).
The statistics of the SES refer to enterprises with at least 10 employees operating in all areas of the economy except public administration defined in Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community (NACE). Business activities, which are included in SES microdata are mentioned in NACE Rev. 2 sections B to S excluding O (NACE Rev. 1.1 sections C to O excluding L until reference year 2006). Information on public administration (NACE Rev. 1.1 Section L until 2006 and NACE Rev. 2 Section O from 2010) as well as enterprises with less than 10 employees is also available from some countries on a voluntary basis.
The national statistical institutes are responsible for selecting the sample, preparing the questionnaires, conducting the survey and forwarding the results to Eurostat in accordance with the common coding scheme as stipulated by the implementing arrangements prepared by Eurostat. The data are centrally processed by Eurostat.
What is available?
The 4-yearly SES microdata sets are available for reference years 2002, 2006 and 2010. SES 1995 is also available for a limited set of EU Member States (IE-ES-FR-IT-LU-SE).
- The SES anonymised microdata (scientific-use files) can be accessed via CD-ROM. They contain SES 2002, 2006 and 2010 anonymised microdata from 24 EEA countries (BE-BG-CZ-DE-EE-EL-ES-FR-HR-IT-CY-LV-LT-LU-HU-NL-PL-PT-RO-SK-FI-SE-UK-NO).
- The SES unanonymised microdata (secure use files) can be accessed via the Safe Center at Eurostat’s premises in Luxembourg and they contain the following years 1995 (IE-ES-FR-IT-LU-SE), 2002, 2006 and 2010 (CZ-EE-IE-EL-ES-FR-HR-IT-CY-LV-LT-LU-HU-MT-NL-PL-PT-RO-SI-SK-FI-SE-TR-NO) data. The computers in the Safe Center are equipped with a standard configuration (SAS, CSV, XLS and STATA) for accessing the SES microdata.