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 European Commission > Eurostat > Population > Introduction


The population statistics include:

  • Demographic data on population and various demographic events (births, deaths, marriages and divorces) broken down by several characteristics such as age, gender, legal marital status and educational attainment
  • Demographic indicators such as total fertility rate, life expectancy at birth, age-dependency ratios, crude rates of births, deaths and population growth
  • Statistics on the population and housing censuses, offering an unparalleled level of regional detail with a high flexibility to cross-tabulate data, available every ten years from the censuses conducted in EU Member States. See also Census 2011 national release calendars (xls format) 
  • Population projections at national and regional level, providing information on the likely future size and structure of the population, according to different what-if scenarios
  • Migration and citizenship, including information on population stocks by citizenship and country of birth, on migration flows by citizenship, country of birth and country of previous/next residence, and on acquisition of citizenship
  • Residence permits granted to non-EU citizens, disaggregated by citizenship, length of validity and reasons for the permit being issued
  • Asylum statistics, including data on asylum applicants, first instance and final decisions on applications, taking back or taking charge of asylum seekers (Dublin statistics)
  • Statistics on the enforcement of immigration legislation, providing data on non-EU citizens refused entry at the EU external borders or found to be illegally present, and on removals of non-EU citizens whose presence was unauthorised.
Uses of the data

Population statistics are used for planning actions, monitoring and evaluating programmes in number of important policies areas in the social and economic fields, like for example:

  • Analysis of population ageing and its effects on sustainability and welfare
  • Evaluation of fertility as a background for family policies
  • Evaluation of the economic impact of demographic change
  • Calculation of 'per capita' indicators which, like regional GDP per inhabitant, influence the allocation of structural funds to economically less advantaged regions
  • Development and monitoring of harmonised immigration policies and a common asylum system in the EU
  • Key input for the EU decision-making process, as population defines the weight of each Member State in the Qualified Majority Voting of the Council of the EU.

See also
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Statistical Atlas

Last update 17.10.2013