The Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) are used to monitor the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) in a report published by Eurostat every two years. They are presented in ten themes.
Of more than 100 indicators, eleven have been identified as headline indicators. They are intended to give an overall picture of whether the European Union has achieved progress towards sustainable development in terms of the objectives and targets defined in the strategy. For a more complete picture it is necessary to look at the progress of all indicators within a theme.
Evaluation of changes (2011 monitoring)
The evaluation of progress since 2000, based on the headline indicators, shows a rather mixed picture:
- Clearly favourable changes for indicators: 'People at risk of poverty or social exclusion' (since 2005), 'Greenhouse gas emissions' and 'Consumption of renewables' (since 2006);
- Moderately favourable changes for the indicators: 'Real GDP per capita', 'Life expectancy' (since 2002) and the 'Abdundance of common birds';
- Moderately unfavourable changes for the indicators: 'Resource productivity', 'Employment of older workers', 'Energy consumption of transport relative to GDP', 'Conservation of fish stocks', and 'Official development assistance';
To learn more about the background of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) and its indicator framework please refer to: Context
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