The Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) are used to monitor the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) in a report published by Eurostat every two years. They are presented in ten themes.
Of more than 100 indicators, eleven have been identified as headline indicators. They are intended to give an overall picture of whether the European Union has achieved progress towards sustainable development in terms of the objectives and targets defined in the strategy. For a more complete picture it is necessary to look at the progress of all indicators within a theme.
The evaluation of progress since 2000, based on the headline indicators, shows a rather mixed picture:
Clearly favourable changes for indicators: 'Resource productivity' (since 2011), 'Employment rate of older workers', 'Greenhouse gas emissions' and 'Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption' (since 2005);
Moderately favourable changes for the indicators: 'Real GDP per capita', 'Common bird index' and 'Life expectancy at birth' (since 2002);
Moderately unfavourable changes for the indicators: 'Primary energy consumption', 'Energy consumption of transport relative to GDP', 'Fish catches from stocks outside safe biological limits' and 'Official development assistance';
Clearly unfavourable changes for the indicator 'People at risk of poverty or social exclusion' (since 2008)
To learn more about the background of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) and its indicator framework please refer to: Context
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