Register | Links | Contact | Important legal notice
 European Commission > Eurostat > Sustainable development indicators > Indicators

Indicators

The Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) are used to monitor the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) in a report published by Eurostat every two years. They are presented in ten themes.


Headline indicators


Of more than 100 indicators, twelve have been identified as headline indicators. They are intended to give an overall picture of whether the European Union has achieved progress towards sustainable development in terms of the objectives and targets defined in the strategy. For a more complete picture it is necessary to look at the progress of all indicators within a theme.


 
Theme Headline indicator
Socio-economic development

Growth rate of real GDP per capita Tables, Graphs and Maps    Explanatory text (Metadata) 

Sustainable consumption and production Resource productivity Table, Graph and Map    Explanatory text (Metadata) 
Social inclusion People at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata) 
Demographic changes Employment rate of older workers Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata)
Public health Healthy life years and life expectancy at birth, by sex Table, Graph and Map  Explanatory text (Metadata)
Climate change and energy

Greenhouse gas emissions Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata) 

Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption Table, Graph and Map  Explanatory text (Metadata) 

Primary energy consumption  Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata) 

Sustainable transport Energy consumption of transport relative to GDP Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata) 
Natural resources

Common bird index Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata)

Fish catches taken from stocks outside safe biological limits: Status of fish stocks managed by the EU in the North-East Atlantic Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata)

Global partnership Official development assistance as share of gross national income Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata)
Good governance No headline indicator


Evaluation of changes (2013 monitoring)


The evaluation of progress since 2000, based on the headline indicators, shows a rather mixed picture:

  • Clearly favourable changes for indicators: 'Resource productivity' (since 2011), 'Employment rate of older workers', 'Greenhouse gas emissions' and 'Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption' (since 2005);
  • Moderately favourable changes for the indicators: 'Real GDP per capita', 'Common bird index' and 'Life expectancy at birth' (since 2002);
  • Moderately unfavourable changes for the indicators: 'Primary energy consumption', 'Energy consumption of transport relative to GDP', 'Fish catches from stocks outside safe biological limits' and 'Official development assistance';
  • Clearly unfavourable changes for the indicator 'People at risk of poverty or social exclusion' (since 2008)

To learn more about the background of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) and its indicator framework please refer to: Context

 

Please address any comments or questions concerning the webpages on the EU Sustainable Development Indicators (EU SDIs) to the Eurostat SDI team through estat-sdi@ec.europa.eu

Top

News
See also
Don't miss
Last update 27.03.2014