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 European Commission > Eurostat > Sustainable development indicators > Indicators > Climate change and energy

Theme 6: Climate Change and Energy

The overall objective of the 'climate change and energy' theme in the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) is to limit climate change and its costs and negative effects to society and the environment.

 

Headline indicator Operational objectives and targets Actions/explanatory variables
Greenhouse gas emissions Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata)  Climate change
Greenhouse gas emissions by sector (including sinks) Table, Graph and Map  Explanatory text (Metadata)  
Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of energy consumption Table, Graph and Map  Explanatory text (Metadata)  
Projections of greenhouse gas emissions (external link)
Global surface average temperature (external link)
Share of renewables in gross final energy consumption Table, Graph and Map    Explanatory text (Metadata)   Energy
Energy dependence Table, Graph and Map    Explanatory text (Metadata)  
Gross inland energy consumption by fuel Table, Graph and Map  Explanatory text (Metadata) 
Electricity generated from renewable sources Table, Graph and Map    Explanatory text (Metadata) 
Primary energy consumption Table, Graph and Map    Explanatory text (Metadata)  Share of renewable energy in fuel consumption of transport Table, Graph and Map   Explanatory text (Metadata)  
Combined heat and power generation Table, Graph and Map  Explanatory text (Metadata) 
Implicit tax rate on energy Table, Graph and Map  Explanatory text (Metadata) 

 

Evaluation of changes in climate change and energy (2013 monitoring)

For the majority of climate and energy theme indicators the trend has been relatively good, while unfavourable trends continue for a small number of indicators:

  • At the current rate of reduction, the EU will overachieve its 2020 target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20%;
  • The share of renewables in gross final energy consumption has increased by 4.9 percentage points between 2004 and 2011;
  • Less primary energy consumed in the EU in 2011 compared to 2000, but the trend is not continuous; 
  • EU energy imports increased by 15% between 2000 and 2011;
  • Effective support schemes and lower production costs enabled an increase in the share of renewable sources in 2011 on the gross electricity generation.

More information on the evaluation of changes for the EU Sustainable Development Indicators (EU SDIs) on social inclusion is available on Statistics Explained: Sustainable development - climate change and energy.


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Last update 31.10.2014