Register | Links | Contact | Important legal notice
 European Commission > Eurostat > Short-term business statistics > Introduction

Introduction

What are short-term business statistics?

Short-term statistics (STS) describe the most recent developments of European economies. STS cover four major economic domains: industry, construction, retail trade and other services (for example transport, information and communication, business services but not financial services).


In the field of STS, the development in the different economic domains is described with a series of indicators (STS indicators) such as production, turnover, prices, number of persons employed, gross wages and several more.


STS indicators are published as indices which show the changes of the indicator in comparison with a fixed reference year (currently 2010). The indicators do not represent absolute amounts or monetary values.


STS indicators are generally published with a monthly frequency. The publication dates are announced in advance in the Release calendar for Euro indicators. STS indicators do not only cover the single Member States of the EU-28 but also provide aggregate data for the EU-28, the euro area and data for EFTA and candidate countries.


Data on the business economy are also provided by other statistical areas such as structural business statistics and national accounts .



Data sources, comparability of national data and calculation of European indicators

Information about economic short-term developments is collected by the national statistical institutes with business surveys; in addition administrative data are used.


Comparability between the national results published by Eurostat is ensured by detailed legal rules regarding the definitions of indicators, the level of detail, reference periods etc. These rules are laid down in Regulation 1165/98 and subsequent implementing and amending regulations. Twice a year Eurostat checks Member States' compliance with the Regulation.


STS indicators for the EU-28 and the euro area are calculated as weighted averages of countries' indicators. The weights reflect the countries relative sizes in a given base year (currently 2010) for the relevant economic sectors and indicators (e.g. the relative share in the European industrial production of cars, the relative shares in the European turnover in business services etc.)


STS indicators are published as calendar adjusted time series and as seasonally adjusted time series. For the calendar adjustment, special calendar effects (e.g. public holidays) are removed. Additionally, for seasonal adjustments, special effects like increased retail trade turnover in December because of Christmas shopping or reduced industrial production during summer holidays is corrected. These adjustments facilitate the month to month comparison of indicators.



News

See also
Don't miss
High-technology and medium-high technology industries main drivers of EU-27's industrial growth - Issue number 1/2013

High-technology industries up by 26 % since first quarter of 2005, low-technology industries down by 6 %.

Since 2005 the industrial production index and other short-term statistics (STS) indicators developed much more favourably for EU-27 high-tech manufacturing than for industry as a whole. Despite the financial and economic crisis, high-technology manufacturing production increased by 26 % between the first quarter of 2005 and the third quarter of 2012. In contrast for industry as a whole the level of production in 2012 is almost the same as in 2005. Medium-low-technology and low-technology production even shrunk during the period under observation ( 5 % and -6 %). Medium-high technology industries increased by 7 %.
Last update 14.08.2013