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 European Commission > Eurostat > Environmental Data Centre on Waste > Key waste streams > Municipal waste

Municipal waste


Municipal waste consists of waste collected by or on behalf of municipal authorities, or directly by the private sector (business or private non-profit institutions) not on behalf of municipalities. The bulk of the waste stream originates from households, though similar wastes from sources such as commerce, offices, public institutions and selected municipal services are also included. It also includes bulky waste but excludes waste from municipal sewage networks and municipal construction and demolition waste.

It is important to understand that the term ‘municipal’ is used in different ways reflecting different waste management practices. Differences between countries are to some extent the result of differences in the coverage of these similar wastes. Waste generation figures and management rates for municipal waste will therefore be influenced by the proportion of commercial waste, for example, which falls under the definition. It is not clear which countries are following which approach from the data available here, so caution is advised when making comparisons across the EU.


Sustainable Development Indicator (SDI) on municipal waste


Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) are reported by the Commission on a whole range on topics.

The full list amounts to around 100 indicators and can be found on Eurostat’s website here.

The relevant municipal waste indicator under the category Sustainable Consumption and Production, is:

 Tables, Graphs and Maps
Generation and treatment of Municipal waste, by country, year and treatment type (Recycling, composting, incineration, landfill), in kg per inhabitant


Quality Profile  is available for this indicator.


PDF Country specific notes are available explaining some particularities and breaks in time series in the data on municipal waste.


How to deliver data Guidance on municipal waste data collection



Total generation of municipal waste is mainly a factor of the size of the Member State. To compare trends between Member States the data is also presented in terms of kg per inhabitant (this takes the size of the country into consideration).

 Data explorer
Generation and treatment of Municipal waste, by country, year and treatment type, in thousand tonnes, kg per inhabitant and in percentages


Meta Data sheet is available for municipal waste statistics.

 Data explorer
Generation and treatment of Municipal waste at regional level, by NUTS-2 region, year and treatment type, in thousand tonnes

The time series starts in 2000.

 Data explorer
Regional coverage rate of Municipal waste collection, by NUTS-2 region and year, in percent (%)

The time series starts in 2000.






The treatment of municipal waste is, to some extent, driven by landfill diversion targets of biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) set out in the Landfill Directive (See Disposal section for more details).


However, the recent revision of the Waste Framework Directive includes the following target for household, and similar waste (which comprises the majority of Municipal Waste):

  • by 2020, the preparing for re-use and the recycling of waste materials such as at least paper, metal, plastic and glass from households and possibly from other origins as far as these waste streams are similar to waste from households, shall be increased to a minimum of overall 50 % by weight.

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 Municipal waste

Last update 13.06.2014