Air passenger transport - monthly statistics

From Statistics Explained

Data from April 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.

This article describes the recent monthly development of passenger transport by air in the European Union (EU). A distinction is made between national (domestic), intra- and extra-EU transport, and the article also looks at the importance of airports.

Figure 1: Share of and change in EU-28 monthly passengers carried in the first semester of 2013 (January=100)*
* For more details about the data presented, please see the notes in the 'Data sources and availability' section
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Figure 2: Change in EU-28 monthly passengers carried for the first semester of 2013 (compared to the same month of the previous year)*
* For more details about the data presented, please see the notes in the 'Data sources and availability' section
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Table 1: Thousand passengers carried per country: monthly data for 2013
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Table 2: Thousand passengers handled in top airports: monthly data for 2013
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoa)

Main statistical findings

Development of air passenger transport at EU level

The decrease observed in 2008 for passenger transport by air was followed by signs of recovery from the end of 2009 onwards. In the course of 2013, the upward trend in passenger transport by air was still confirmed: at EU-28 level, the first semester of 2013 showed an increase of 0.6 % compared to 2012, but a decrease of 1.3% was recorded for the first quarter of 2013 compared to the same quarter of 2012.

In the first semester of 2013, international intra-EU transport represented 42 % of all passengers carried at EU-28 level, followed by extra-EU transport (39 %) and national transport (19 %).

Half of the months of the first semester of 2013 displayed an increase on the previous year (ranging from +1.0 % in March to +4.2 % in May). The highest drops were recorded in January (with a year-on-year decrease of 2.8 %) and February (-2.3 %).

Air passenger transport at country level

Analysing passenger transport at country level generally confirms the slight upward trend observed in 2013 at EU-28 level, although transport development varies significantly depending on the country considered. Altogether 22 Member States and all extra-EU reporting countries showed an increase in passenger volumes in 2013 compared to 2012 (based on data available). Particularly remarkable is the growth observed for Luxembourg (+15 %), Malta (+10 %) and Lithuania (+10 %). At the other end of the scale, notable decreases were observed in passenger transport for Estonia (-11 %) and, to a lesser extent, Cyprus (-4 %).

Outside the EU-28, the level of the growth differs across countries: on the one hand, the highest year-on-year increases were registered in Iceland (+15 %) and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (+17 %) while, on the other hand, the lowest growths were observed in Switzerland (+2 %) and Norway (+6 %).

Air passenger transport at airport level

Within the top 30 airports in terms of passenger transport, growths between 2012 and the corresponding period of 2013 are more uniform compared to the disparate rates of change observed at country level. Twenty-two out of the top 30 airports showed an increase over this period. Berlin/Tegel registered the highest rise among the largest airports (+8 %), followed by Dublin (+6 %). This contrasts with Madrid/Barajas airport, where passenger transport decreased by 12 % in 2013 compared to 2012.

Data sources and availability

Definition of 'passengers carried'

All passengers on a particular flight counted once only and not repeatedly on each individual stage of that flight. This excludes direct transit passengers.

Exclusion of double counting

The national transport (included in total transport at country level) and intra-EU transport aggregates (included in total transport at EU level) have been calculated so as to exclude double counting by taking into account only departure declarations.


The content of this statistical article is based on data collected within the framework of the EU air transport statistics Regulation (EC) No 437/2003 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air.

The basic legal act was amended by:

See also

Further Eurostat information


Main tables

Air transport (t_avia)
Air transport of passengers (ttr00012)
Air transport of goods (ttr00011)


Air transport (avia)
Air transport measurement - passengers (avia_pa)
Air transport measurement - freight and mail (avia_go)  

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Other information

External links