Air passenger transport - monthly statistics

From Statistics Explained

Data from September 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.

This article describes the recent monthly development of passenger transport by air in the European Union (EU). A distinction is made between national (domestic), intra- and extra-EU transport, and the article also looks at the importance of airports.

Figure 1: Share of and change in EU-28 monthly passengers carried in 2013 and the first quarter of 2014 (January=100)*
* For more details about the data presented, please see the notes in the 'Data sources and availability' section
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Figure 2: Change in EU-28 monthly passengers carried for 2013 and the first quarter of 2014 (compared to the same month of the previous year)*
* For more details about the data presented, please see the notes in the 'Data sources and availability' section
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Table 1: Thousand passengers carried per country: monthly data for 2013 and the first quarter of 2014
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Table 2: Thousand passengers handled in top airports: monthly data for 2013 and the first quarter of 2014
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoa)

Main statistical findings

Development of air passenger transport at EU level

The decrease observed in 2008 for passenger transport by air was followed by signs of recovery from the end of 2009 onwards. In the course of 2013 and during the first quarter of 2014, the upward trend in passenger transport by air was still confirmed: at EU-28 level, an increase of 1.7 % was recorded compared to 2012, and the preliminary figures available for the first quarter of 2014 indicate a year-on-year rise of 3.1 %.

In 2013, international intra-EU transport represented 43 % of all passengers carried at EU-28 level, followed by extra-EU transport (39 %) and national transport (18 %).

Three fourths of the months of 2013 displayed an increase on the previous year (ranging from +0.8 % in March to +4.1 % in May and December). The highest drops were recorded in January (with a year-on-year decrease of 3.0 %) and February (-2.4 %). All months of the first quarter of 2014 showed increases compared to the same period of 2013, the largest rise taking place in January (+5.0 % compared to the corresponding month of 2013).

Air passenger transport at country level

Analysing passenger transport at country level generally confirms the upward trend observed in 2013 and the first quarter of 2014 at EU-28 level, although transport development varies significantly depending on the country considered. As concerns the first quarter of 2014, altogether 23 Member States out of the 25 for which data are available and all extra-EU reporting countries showed an increase in passenger volumes compared to 2013. Particularly remarkable is the growth observed for Slovakia (+21 %, based on January data only), Luxembourg (+15 %) and Slovenia (+12 %). At the other end of the scale, notable decreases were observed in passenger transport for Croatia (-6 %) and, to a lesser extent, Latvia (-3 %).

Outside the EU-28, the level of the growth differs across countries: on the one hand, the highest year-on-year increases were registered in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (+31 %) and Iceland (+21 %) while, on the other hand, the lowest growths were observed in Norway (+5 %) and Switzerland (+1 %).

Air passenger transport at airport level

Within the top 30 airports in terms of passenger transport, growths between the first quarter 2013 and the corresponding period of 2014 are more uniform compared to the disparate rates of change observed at country level. With the sole exception of Nice/Côte d'Azur, all airports for which 2014 data are available showed an increase over this period. Stokholm/Arlanda registered the highest rise among the largest airports (+9.4 %), followed by Athens(+8.9 %). This contrasts with Nice/Côte d'Azur airport, where passenger transport slightly decreased by 0.2 % in the first quarter of 2014 compared to 2013.

Data sources and availability

2014 data

In Figure 1 and Figure 2, the estimate of the total transport (and the related year-on-year growth) for 2014 covers all EU Member States except Spain, Poland and Portugal (from January to March) as well as Slovakia (February and March only).

Definition of 'passengers carried'

All passengers on a particular flight counted once only and not repeatedly on each individual stage of that flight. This excludes direct transit passengers.

Exclusion of double counting

The national transport (included in total transport at country level) and intra-EU transport aggregates (included in total transport at EU level) have been calculated so as to exclude double counting by taking into account only departure declarations.

Context

The content of this statistical article is based on data collected within the framework of the EU air transport statistics Regulation (EC) No 437/2003 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air.

The basic legal act was amended by:

See also

Further Eurostat information

Publications

Main tables

Air transport (t_avia)
Air transport of passengers (ttr00012)
Air transport of goods (ttr00011)

Database

Air transport (avia)
Air transport measurement - passengers (avia_pa)
Air transport measurement - freight and mail (avia_go)  

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Other information

External links

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