Air passenger transport - monthly statistics
From Statistics Explained
- Data from April 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article describes the recent monthly development of passenger transport by air in the European Union (EU). A distinction is made between national (domestic), intra- and extra-EU transport, and the article also looks at the importance of airports.
- 1 Main statistical findings
- 2 Data sources and availability
- 3 Context
- 4 See also
- 5 Further Eurostat information
- 6 External links
Main statistical findings
Development of air passenger transport at EU level
The decrease observed in 2008 for passenger transport by air was followed by signs of recovery from the end of 2009 onwards. In the course of 2013, the upward trend in passenger transport by air was still confirmed: at EU-28 level, the first semester of 2013 showed an increase of 0.6 % compared to 2012, but a decrease of 1.3% was recorded for the first quarter of 2013 compared to the same quarter of 2012.
In the first semester of 2013, international intra-EU transport represented 42 % of all passengers carried at EU-28 level, followed by extra-EU transport (39 %) and national transport (19 %).
Half of the months of the first semester of 2013 displayed an increase on the previous year (ranging from +1.0 % in March to +4.2 % in May). The highest drops were recorded in January (with a year-on-year decrease of 2.8 %) and February (-2.3 %).
Air passenger transport at country level
Analysing passenger transport at country level generally confirms the slight upward trend observed in 2013 at EU-28 level, although transport development varies significantly depending on the country considered. Altogether 22 Member States and all extra-EU reporting countries showed an increase in passenger volumes in 2013 compared to 2012 (based on data available). Particularly remarkable is the growth observed for Luxembourg (+15 %), Malta (+10 %) and Lithuania (+10 %). At the other end of the scale, notable decreases were observed in passenger transport for Estonia (-11 %) and, to a lesser extent, Cyprus (-4 %).
Outside the EU-28, the level of the growth differs across countries: on the one hand, the highest year-on-year increases were registered in Iceland (+15 %) and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (+17 %) while, on the other hand, the lowest growths were observed in Switzerland (+2 %) and Norway (+6 %).
Air passenger transport at airport level
Within the top 30 airports in terms of passenger transport, growths between 2012 and the corresponding period of 2013 are more uniform compared to the disparate rates of change observed at country level. Twenty-two out of the top 30 airports showed an increase over this period. Berlin/Tegel registered the highest rise among the largest airports (+8 %), followed by Dublin (+6 %). This contrasts with Madrid/Barajas airport, where passenger transport decreased by 12 % in 2013 compared to 2012.
Data sources and availability
Definition of 'passengers carried'
All passengers on a particular flight counted once only and not repeatedly on each individual stage of that flight. This excludes direct transit passengers.
Exclusion of double counting
The national transport (included in total transport at country level) and intra-EU transport aggregates (included in total transport at EU level) have been calculated so as to exclude double counting by taking into account only departure declarations.
The content of this statistical article is based on data collected within the framework of the EU air transport statistics Regulation (EC) No 437/2003 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air.
The basic legal act was amended by:
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 1358/2003
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 546/2005
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 158/2007
- Air transport statistics
- Passenger transport statistics
- Transport statistics at regional level (see air transport)
Further Eurostat information
- Air transport recovers in 2010 - Issue number 21/2012
- Europe in figures - Eurostat yearbook , chapter 10: Transport
- Passenger air transport – monthly data for the first half of 2009 - Issue number 13/2010
- Passenger air transport – 2009 monthly data - Issue number 34/2010
- Passenger air transport – 2009 and 2010 monthly data - Issue number 48/2010
- Signs of recovery for air transport in Europe in 2009 - Issue number 2/2011
- Transport, see:
- Air transport (t_avia)
- Air transport of passengers (ttr00012)
- Air transport of goods (ttr00011)
- Transport, see:
- Air transport (avia)
- Air transport measurement - passengers (avia_pa)
- Air transport measurement - freight and mail (avia_go)
Methodology / Metadata
- Passenger and freight transport by air/Traffic data/Air transport at regional level (ESMS metadata file - avia_pa_esms)
- Reference Manual on Air Transport Statistics - Version 10 (Methodological manual)