Air passenger transport - monthly statistics
From Statistics Explained
- Data from January 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article describes the recent monthly development of passenger transport by air in the European Union (EU), showing how air transport has recovered from the impact of the economic crisis.
Main statistical findings
Development of air passenger transport at EU level
The decrease observed in 2008 for passenger transport by air was followed by signs of recovery from the end of 2009 onwards. In the course of 2012, the upward trend in passenger transport by air was confirmed: at EU-28 level, 2012 showed an increase of 0.7 % compared to 2011, but a decrease of 1.3% was recorded for the first quarter of 2013 compared to the same quarter of 2012.
In the first quarter of 2013, international extra-EU transport represented 40 % of all passengers carried at EU-28 level, followed by intra-EU transport (39 %) and national transport (21 %).
Eight months of 2012 displayed an increase on the previous year (ranging from +0.4 % in July to +2.4 % in February). The highest drop was recorded in December, with a decrease of 2.0 % between 2011 and 2012. Passenger transport remained stable in May and November 2012. During the first quarter of 2013, significant year-on-year decreases were recorded in January and February (-2.8 % and -2.3 % respectively).
Air passenger transport at country level
Analysing passenger transport at country level generally confirms the slight upward trend observed in 2012 at EU-28 level, although transport development varies significantly depending on the country considered. Altogether 19 Member States and all extra-EU reporting countries showed an increase in passenger volumes in 2012 compared to 2011. Particularly remarkable is the growth observed in two Baltic countries, namely Lithuania (+18 %) and Estonia (+15 %). At the other end of the scale, notable decreases were observed in passenger transport for Slovenia and Slovakia (-14 % between 2011 and 2012 for both countries). To a lesser extent, a decline of 7 % was recorded between 2011 and 2012 in the Czech Republic and Latvia (highlighting, for the latter, the existing contrast with the two other Baltic countries previously mentioned). The year-on-year development observed at country level for the first quarter of 2013 is very dependent on the country considered, ranging from -21 % in Slovakia to +11 % in Luxembourg.
Outside the EU-28, the level of the growth differs across countries: on the one hand, the highest year-on-year increase was registered in Iceland and Turkey in 2012 (both recording a rise of 11 %) while, on the other hand, the lowest growth was observed in Switzerland (+4 %). An impressive 27% rise has been observed in Iceland between the first quarter of 2012 and the corresponding quarter of 2013.
Air passenger transport at airport level
Within the top 30 airports in terms of passenger transport, growths between the first quarter of 2012 and the corresponding quarter of 2013 are more uniform compared to the disparate rates of change observed at country level. One third of the top 30 airports showed an increase over this period. Berlin/Tegel registered the highest rise among the largest airports (+6 %), closely followed by Nice/Côte d’Azur (+5 %). This contrasts with Madrid/Barajas airport, where passenger transport decreased by 14 % in the first quarter of 2013 compared to 2012.
Data sources and availability
Definition of 'passengers carried'
All passengers on a particular flight counted once only and not repeatedly on each individual stage of that flight. This excludes direct transit passengers.
Exclusion of double counting
The national transport (included in total transport at country level) and intra-EU transport aggregates (included in total transport at EU level) have been calculated so as to exclude double counting by taking into account only departure declarations.
The content of this statistical article is based on data collected within the framework of the EU air transport statistics Regulation (EC) No 437/2003 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air.
The basic legal act was amended by:
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 1358/2003
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 546/2005
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 158/2007
- Air transport statistics
- Passenger transport statistics
- Transport statistics at regional level (see air transport)
Further Eurostat information
- Europe in figures - Eurostat yearbook , chapter 10: Transport
- Air transport recovers in 2010 - Issue number 21/2012
- Signs of recovery for air transport in Europe in 2009 - Issue number 2/2011
- Passenger air transport – 2009 and 2010 monthly data - Issue number 48/2010
- Passenger air transport – 2009 monthly data - Issue number 34/2010
- Passenger air transport – monthly data for the first half of 2009 - Issue number 13/2010
- Transport, see:
- Air transport (t_avia)
- Air transport of passengers (ttr00012)
- Air transport of goods (ttr00011)
- Transport, see:
- Air transport (avia)
- Air transport measurement - passengers (avia_pa)
- Air transport measurement - freight and mail (avia_go)
Methodology / Metadata
- Air transport measurement - passengers (ESMS metadata file - avia_pa_esms)
- Reference Manual on Air Transport Statistics - Version 9 (Methodological manual)