Electricity production and supply statistics

From Statistics Explained

Data from December 2013. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.

This article takes a look at the most recent statistics (provisional 2013 annual data as voluntarily supplied by Member States) on the volumes of electricity that have been produced and supplied at the level of the European Union (EU-28), the euro area (EA-18) and at the level of the individual Member States of the EU-28 and of Norway and Turkey.

As illustrated by Figure 1, the supply of electricity in EU-28 decreased by 1.4 % in 2013 compared to 2012. Member States report bigger values annualy than monthly. Reasons for this vary from Member State to Member State. The biggest difference is caused by Germany which reports on a monthly basis electricity generated only in main activity producer plants.

Figure 1: EU-28 Evolution of electricity supplied (in GWh), 2000-2013 annual data; 2008-2013 monthly data
(in GWh)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_105a), (nrg_105m)
Figure 2: EU 28 Electricity production by source, 2013
(in %)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_105a), (nrg_105m)
Table 1: Electricity Statistics 2013
(in GWh)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_105a), (nrg_105m)
Figure 3: Breakdown of electricity production by source, 2013
(in %)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_105a), (nrg_105m)
Figure 4: Share of renewables in electricity production, 2013
(in %)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_105a), (nrg_105m)

Main statistical findings

Production of electricity

After two consecutive years of stability in the net production of electricity, the volume of produced electricity at EU-28 level decreased in 2013 by 1.2 % compared to the preceding year.

Table 1 shows the production and supply data for EU-28 and euro area (EA-18). Tables A to J (see: Source data for tables, figures and maps on this page (MS Excel)) show the production and supply data for all individual EU Member States and for Norway and Turkey, by using monthly cumulated data for 2013 (2011 and 2012 data are annual figures).

Luxembourg (-25.2 %), Hungary (-13.1 %), Sweden (-8.4 %), Ireland (-8.2 %) and Austria (-7.2 %) are the Member States that recorded the largest decreases in electricity production. 

As regards the structure of electricity production in 2013 (Figures 2 and 3):

  • the production of conventional thermal electricity decreased by 5.9 % in the EU-28 and accounted for 50.1 % of total production;
  • the production of electricity by nuclear power plants decreased by 0.6 % in the EU-28 and accounted for 26.9 % of the total;
  • the electricity production by hydro which includes pumped hydro (not necessarily of renewable origin) increased by 7 % while the production by wind increased in the EU-28 by 15 % and represented respectively 12.5 % and 7.6 % of the total;
  • the electricity production by solar is not available in the monthly cumulated data.

Norway recorded a decrease in total production (-9.6 %). In Turkey, production remained in 2013 stable as compared to the previous year.

The electricity produced by nuclear power plants decreased by 0.6 % between 2012 and 2013. The largest share of electricity produced by nuclear in the 14 EU Member States that have nuclear facilities to produce electricity can be found in France (73.6 %), followed by Slovakia (54.7 %), Belgium (52.1 %), Hungary (51.5 %), Sweden (42.6 %) and Czech Republic (35.9 %). Germany that has decided to close down its nuclear power plants during the next decade has a share of 15.4 %.

Electricity supplied to the market

The volume of electricity that is supplied to the market is defined as the total net volume of produced electricity minus export plus import minus the electricity that is absorbed by pumping (pumped storage). As illustrated in Figure 1, the supply of electricity in EU-28 decreased by 1.4 % in 2013 compared to 2012.

In 2013, the aggregated EU-28 imports and exports of electricity decreased by 4.6 and 3.2 % respectively.

When looking at supply statistics at national level, minor increases were observed in France (+1.1 %), Slovakia (+0.9 %), Greece (+0.5 %) and Lithuania (+0.3 %). In Turkey, the supply increased by 1.4 % compared to 2012 while in Norway it decreased by 0.4 %.

The largest decreases in supply figures were observed in Romania (-10.1 %), Cyprus (-9.1 %), Italy (-3.4 %), Malta (-2.9 %), Spain (-2.8 %) and Sweden (-2.8 %).

See also

Further Eurostat information

Publications

Main tables

Main indicators - Energy Statistics (t_nrg_indic)
Market share of the largest generator in the electricity market (tsier060)
Electricity generated from renewable sources (tsien050))
Energy Statistics - quantities (t_nrg_quant)
Total gross electricity generation (ten00087)
Consumption of electricity by industry, transport activities and households/services (ten00094)
Electricity consumption of households (tsdpc310)
Energy Statistics - prices (t_nrg_price)
Electricity prices for industrial consumers (ten00114)
Electricity prices for household consumers (ten00115)

Database

Main indicators - Energy Statistics (nrg_indic)
Market share of the largest generator in the electricity market (nrg_ind_331a)
Energy Statistics - Euro-indicators in energy - monthly data (nrg_ind_34m)
Supply of electricity - monthly data (nrg_ind_342m)
Energy statistics - quantities, annual data (nrg_quant)
Energy statistics - supply, transformation, consumption (nrg_10)
Energy statistics - quantities, monthly data (nrg_quantm)
Energy statistics - supply, transformation, consumption (nrg_10m)

Dedicated section

Source data for tables, figures and maps on this page (MS Excel)

Methodology / Metadata

Other information

External links

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