Electricity production and supply statistics
From Statistics Explained
- Data from November 2012, most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article takes a look at the most recent statistics (provisional 2012 monthly cumulated data) on the volumes of electricity that have been produced and supplied at the level of the European Union (EU-27), the euro area (EA-17) and at the level of the individual Member States of the EU-27 and of Norway, Croatia and Turkey. As illustrated by Figure 1, the supply of electricity in EU-27 decreased by 0.6% in 2012 compared to 2011.
Main statistical findings
Production of electricity
After a decrease of electricity production in 2011 (-2.2 %), the volume of produced electricity at EU-27 level decreased once again in 2012 by 0.9 % compared to the preceding year.
Table 1 shows the production and supply data for EU-27 and euro area (EA-17). Tables A to J (see: Source data for tables, figures and maps on this page (MS Excel)) show the production and supply data for all individual EU Member States and for Norway, Croatia and Turkey, by using monthly cumulated data for 2012 (2010 and 2011 data are final annual figures).
Belgium (-13.5 %), Portugal (-13.4 %), Denmark (-13.3 %), Netherlands (-9.4 %) and Romania (-9.4 %) are the Member States that recorded the largest decreases in electricity production.
As regards the structure of electricity production in 2012 (Figures 2 and 3):
- the production of conventional thermal electricity decreased by 4.6 % in the EU-27 and accounted for 52.3 % of total production;
- the production of electricity by nuclear power plants decreased by 2.7 % in the EU-27 and accounted for 27.1 % of the total;
- the electricity production by hydro increased by 9 % while the production by wind increased in the EU-27 by 11.5 % and represented respectively 11.7 % and 6.4 % of the total;
- the electricity production by solar is not available in the monthly cumulated data.
Norway recorded an increase in total production (+15 %). In Turkey, production increased in 2012 by 3.1 % and in Croatia, production decreased by 2.5 % compared to 2011.
The electricity produced by nuclear power plants decreased by 2.7 % between 2011 and 2012. The largest share of electricity produced by nuclear in the 14 EU Member States that have nuclear facilities to produce electricity can be found in France (75.5 %), followed by Slovakia (55.3 %), Belgium (51.3 %), Hungary (46.6 %), Sweden (37.9 %) and Slovenia (35.9 %). Germany that has decided to close down its nuclear power plants during the next decade has a share of 16.2 %.
Electricity supplied to the market
The volume of electricity that is supplied to the market is defined as the total net volume of produced electricity minus export plus import minus the electricity that is absorbed by pumping (pumped storage). As illustrated in Figure 1, the supply of electricity in EU-27 decreased by 0.6 % in 2012 compared to 2011.
In 2012, the aggregated EU-27 imports and exports of electricity increased by 7.9 and 4.4 % respectively.
When looking at supply statistics at national level, the largest increases could be observed in Latvia (+10.2 %), Estonia (+8.9 %) and Malta (+3.9 %). In Turkey, the supply increased by 4.1 % compared to 2011.
The largest decreases in supply figures were observed in Cyprus (-7 %), Romania (-5.7 %), Luxembourg (-5 %), Belgium (-5 %), Portugal (-4.4%) and Ireland (-4.2 %).
Further Eurostat information
- Panorama of energy - Panorama April 2009
- Renewable energy - Statistics in focus 44/2012
- Energy, transport and environment indicators - Pocketbook January 2013
- Energy (t_nrg), see:
- Main indicators - Energy Statistics (t_nrg_indic)
- Market share of the largest generator in the electricity market (tsier060)
- Electricity generated from renewable sources (tsien050))
- Energy Statistics - quantities (t_nrg_quant)
- Total gross electricity generation (ten00087)
- Consumption of electricity by industry, transport activities and households/services (ten00094)
- Electricity consumption of households (tsdpc310)
- Energy Statistics - prices (t_nrg_price)
- Electricity prices for industrial consumers (ten00114)
- Electricity prices for household consumers (ten00115)
- Energy (nrg), see:
- Main indicators - Energy Statistics (nrg_indic)
- Market share of the largest generator in the electricity market (nrg_ind_331a)
- Energy Statistics - Euro-indicators in energy - monthly data (nrg_ind_34m)
- Supply of electricity - monthly data (nrg_ind_342m)
- Energy statistics - quantities, annual data (nrg_quant)
- Energy statistics - supply, transformation, consumption (nrg_10)
- Energy statistics - quantities, monthly data (nrg_quantm)
- Energy statistics - supply, transformation, consumption (nrg_10m)
Source data for tables, figures and maps on this page (MS Excel)
Methodology / Metadata
- Energy Statistics (ESMS metadata file - nrg_indic_esms)
- Energy Statistics - quantities (ESMS metadata file - nrg_quant_esms)
- Regulation 713/2009 of 13 July 2009 establishing an Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators
- Regulation 714/2009 of 13 July 2009 on conditions for access to the network for cross-border exchanges in electricity
- Directive 2009/72/EC of 13 July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity
- Eurelectric - Electricity for Europe - Statistics
- European Commission - Energy - Gas & Electricity - Electricity Regulatory Forum (Florence)
- European Commission - Energy - Market observatory - Electricity
- International Energy Agency (IEA) - Electricity