From Statistics Explained
An agricultural holding is a single unit, in both technical and economic terms, operating under a single management, which which undertakes agricultural activities within the economic territory of the European Union, either as its primary or secondary activity. Other supplementary (non-agricultural) products and services may also be provided by the holding.
Based on the European Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2) for crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities the following agricultural activities are used to define an agricultural holding in Regulation 1166/2008:
- Growing of non-perennial crops (NACE code 01.1)
- Growing of perennial crops (NACE code 01.2): Agricultural holdings which produce wine or olive oil from selfproduced grapes or olives are included within the scope of this Regulation.
- Plant propagation (NACE code 01.3)
- Animal production (NACE code 01.4). All activities classified under 01.49 of NACE Rev. 2 (Raising of other animals) are however excluded from the scope of this Regulation, except:
(i) the raising and breeding of ostriches, emus and rabbits;
(ii) bee-keeping and production of honey and beeswax.
- Mixed farming (NACE code 01.5)
- Support activities to agriculture and postharvest crop activities (NACE code 01.6). In general, all holdings which carry out activities under 01.6 of NACE Rev. 2 are excluded from the scope of this Regulation if they are undertaken exclusively. However, holdings exclusively maintaining agricultural land in good agricultural and environmental condition (under 01.61 of NACE Rev. 2) are included in the scope of this Regulation.
Before 2007 'maintaining land in good agricultural and environmental conditions' was not considered as an agricultural activity.
- Regulation 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods and repealing Council Regulation 0571/1988 (legal text)