Glossary:Business cycle

From Statistics Explained

A business cycle describes the expansions and contractions of economic activity in an economy over a period of time.

The economy considered may be a country, the euro area or the European Union (EU). The evolution of economic activity is expressed as a percentage change of an economic indicator: production, hours worked, employment, gross domestic product (GDP), etc. The business cycle is usually represented in a graph showing the ups and downs of economic growth over time.

Example of business cycle: Employment in EU and US, 1997-2007 (% change compared with previous year)

Further information

Related concepts

Statistical data