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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Tourism statistics - winter season occupancy

Net occupancy rates of bed-places in hotels and similar establishments in the peak month, winter season 2013-2014.png
This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2013-2014 winter season[1] in the European Union (EU) Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2012-2013. More ...

Updated: Job vacancy statistics

Job Vacancy Rate by country 2014Q2.PNG
This article gives an overview of recent job vacancy statistics in the European Union (EU), notably the job vacancy rate (JVR). Job vacancy trends over the last decade are analysed in another article. The News Release with quarterly data on the job vacancy rate is available here. More ...

Updated: People outside the labour market

Inactivity rates 15-64 by sex, EU-28, 2002-2013 (%) new2.png
This article analyses labour market participation in the European Union (EU), broken down by sex and age, on the basis of the results of the EU Labour force survey (EU-LFS). In 2013, the number of inactive persons as a percentage of the working age population in the EU-28 reached a new low of 28.0 %, continuing the downward trend of the previous years. This positive development is largely due to the increased participation of women in the labour market. More ...

Updated: The EU in the world - introduction

EU-28 and G20 countries.png
This article is an introduction to the online version of Eurostat’s publication The EU in the world (also downloadable as a PDF). It provides a selection of statistics on the European Union (EU) — considered as a single entity — in comparison with the 15 non-EU countries from the Group of Twenty (G20). It aims to give an insight into the European economy, society and environment in comparison with the major economies from the rest of the world. More ...

Updated: Labour cost index - recent trends

Total nominal hourly labour cost, 2014 Q2 (% change compared to previous quarter).png
The labour cost index (LCI) shows the short-term development of the labour cost, the total cost on an hourly basis of employing labour. In other words, the LCI measures the cost pressure arising from the production factor “labour”. This article takes a look at the most recent evolutions of the LCI, both at the level of the European Union (EU) and the Member States. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-08-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...

New: Resource productivity statistics

Res Prod compared to GDP and DMC 2000-2012.png
This article presents recent statistics on resource productivity in the European Union (EU) and its Member States. The EU’s resource productivity has increased by 29.2 % in the 2000–12 timeframe. Whereas resource productivity has slowly increased over the years between 2000 and 2007, More ...

New: Labour force survey statistics - transition from work to retirement

Employed, retired and other not employed persons aged 50-69 (thousands of persons), EU-28, 2012 .png
This article presents selected results from the EU Labour force survey (LFS) and its 2012 ad hoc module on the transition from work to retirement for the European Union (EU) and all its Member States, as well as for three EFTA countries. The data explain the transition from work to retirement, looking at types of pensions, the age at which people start receiving a pension, early retirement, persons who continue working after starting to receive a pension and the reasons for this, etc. More ...

Today's Article

Education statistics at regional level

Participation rates of four year-olds in pre-primary and primary education (ISCED levels 0 and 1), by NUTS 2 regions, 2012 (1) (% of four year-olds) RYB14.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat Regional Yearbook publication. It presents a selection of the regional education and training statistics that are available within Eurostat. Education, vocational training and more generally lifelong learning play a vital role in the economic and social strategies of the European Union (EU).

Main statistical findings

Figures for the EU-28 for 2011 indicate that there were 93.7 million students enrolled in regular education systems covering all levels of education from primary to postgraduate studies; there were an additional 15.4 million children enrolled in pre-primary education.

Eurostat compiles and publishes education and training statistics for EU regions, the individual EU Member States, as well as the EU-28 aggregate; in addition, a subset of information is available for EFTA and candidate countries. These statistics are generally available for NUTS 2 regions and this article presents data relating to educational participation and early leavers from education and training, enrolments and attainment, and adult lifelong learning. Statistics for the participation rates of four year-olds and the number of students in tertiary education are only available at the national level for Croatia, while these indicators are presented for NUTS 1 regions across Germany and the United Kingdom.

Participation of four year-olds in education

Map 1: Participation rates of four year-olds in pre-primary and primary education
(ISCED levels 0 and 1), by NUTS 2 regions, 2012 (1)
(% of four year-olds) - Source: Eurostat (educ_regind)

The legal age to start education varies across the EU Member States: in Luxembourg and Northern Ireland (in the United Kingdom) compulsory education starts at age four, while in other EU regions it starts between five and seven years of age; enrolment in pre-primary education is generally voluntary across most EU Member States. The Europe 2020 strategy emphasises raising participation rates of young children in preparation for the start of compulsory education. One of its headline targets is to raise the share of children participating in pre-primary education to at least 95 % by the year 2020. More ...

  1. The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2013/2014 winter season ran from November 2013 to April 2014.