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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Resource productivity statistics

Res Prod compared to GDP and DMC 2000-2013.png
This article presents recent statistics on resource productivity in the European Union (EU) and its Member States. The EU’s resource productivity has increased by 31.5 % in the 2000–13 timeframe. Whereas resource productivity has slowly increased over the years between 2000 and 2007, More ...

Updated: Material flow accounts

Materials available to EU-27 economies and how they are used, 2013 (tonnes per capita).png
Eurostat’s material flow accounts are a comprehensive data framework that systematically records the inputs of materials to European economies, breaking them down by material category such as fossil energy materials, biomass, metal ores etc. More ...

Statistics in focus: Pig farming sector - statistical portrait 2014

Number of sows by region (2013).png
This article provides a general overview of statistics on pig farming in the European Union (EU). Pigmeat is produced throughout the EU on several types of farms with considerable variations from one Member State to another. Three quarters of pigs are reared by just 1.5 % of the largest fatteners. Small pig producers are mostly found in the 13 Member States that joined the EU since 2004, which creates a decreasing size of the herd. The tasks of pig rearing are distributed across farms in the main production basins and even across regions. More ...

Updated: Unemployment statistics

Unemployment rates, seasonally adjusted, September 2014.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-10-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...

Updated: Government finance statistics - quarterly data

4 B9 SA EUEA 2014Q2 graph.png
In recent years Eurostat has significantly expanded the range of integrated quarterly data on government finances available, providing a timely and increasingly high quality picture of the evolution of government finances in the European Union (EU). The data presented in this article reflect both non-financial and financial (quarterly non-financial and financial accounts for general government) transactions and cover all European Union (EU-28) countries as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. This article is based on data transmitted to Eurostat at the end of September 2014 and during October 2014 and includes data coverage of the second quarter of 2014. It is the first ESA 2010 data published for quarterly government finance statistics. More ...

New: Quarterly national accounts - main GDP aggregates ESA 2010

ESA 2010 versus ESA 95 GDP growth rates for EA18 1997Q1 to 2014Q2.png
This article presents key messages and explanations on Eurostat's first ESA 2010 based estimation of quarterly main gross domestic product (GDP) aggregates. It complements the first estimation of annual GDP presented in a news release published on 17 October 2014. More ...

Updated: Residence permits statistics

First residence permits issued in the EU-28 by reasons, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013..png
This article presents European Union (EU) statistics on first residence permits issued to non-EU citizens. Data are based on the regulatory framework of the Article 6 of the Regulation 862/2007 on migration and international protection statistics. Residence permit represents an authorization issued by the competent authorities of a country allowing third-country national (non-EU citizens) to stay legally on its territory. Data on residence permits are collected by reasons for issuing such permit. The main such reasons are: education, family, employment and other reasons (including stay without right to work, international protection, etc.). More ...

Today's article

Information society statistics - households and individuals

Use of internet on mobile devices, by age group, sex and type of mobile device, EU-28, 2012 (% of individuals) YB14.png
This article presents recent statistical data on several different aspects of the information society in the European Union (EU), focusing on the availability of information communication technologies and their use by individuals and within households. The development of the information society is regarded as critical to meet the demands of society and the EU economy.

Information and communication technologies (ICT) affect people’s everyday lives in many ways, both at work and in the home, for example, when communicating or buying online. EU policies range from regulating entire areas such as e-commerce to trying to protect an individual’s privacy.

Main statistical findings

ICT access and usage

During the last decade, ICT have become widely available to the general public, both in terms of accessibility as well as cost. A boundary was crossed in 2007, when a majority (55 %) of households in the EU-28 had internet access. This proportion continued to increase and in 2013 reached 79 %, rising by an additional 3 percentage points compared with 2012. Widespread and affordable broadband access is one of the means of promoting a knowledge-based and informed society. Broadband was by far the most common form of internet access in all EU Member States: it was used by 76 % of the households in the EU-28 in 2013, an increase of 34 percentage points since 2007 — see Figure 1.

The highest proportion (95 %) of households with internet access in 2013 was recorded in the Netherlands (see Figure 2), while Luxembourg, Denmark and Sweden also reported that at least 9 out of every 10 households had internet access in 2013. The lowest rate of internet access among the EU Member States was recorded in Bulgaria (54 %). However, there was a rapid expansion in household access to the internet in Bulgaria, as the proportion of households with access rose by 29 percentage points between 2008 and 2013. Romania, the Czech Republic and Greece were the only other Member States where increases of 25 percentage points or more were recorded over the same period. More ...