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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the categories or the search function (alt-f).

New

New: Greenhouse gas emissions by industries and households

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Greenhouse gas emissions, analysis by activity, EU-27, 2000 and 2011.png
This article analyses the emissions of three greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the European Union (EU) on the basis of an analysis of the industries and households that are responsible for their generation. It briefly explains the differences between the data on GHG emissions reported under the Regulation 0691/2011 on European environmental economic accounting and the data reported to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol. More ...

Updated: Integrated government finance statistics presentation

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Presentation of government revenue and expenditure.PNG
The 'integrated government finance statistics (GFS) presentation' is a dedicated presentation template for European Union (EU) government accounts that shows the economic activities of government in a manner suitable for fiscal analysis. It groups together all government statistics collected by Eurostat specifically for the general government sector (i.e. excluding public corporations) in the framework of national accounts, completed by statistical information gathered for administrative purposes. More ...

Statistics in focus: Government expenditure on public order and safety

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General government expenditure on public order and safety, % of GDP, 2012 V2.png
In the framework of the European System of National Accounts (ESA95), Eurostat collects data on general government expenditure by economic function according to the international Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG) – see methodological note.

This publication presents for the first time detailed COFOG data on public order and safety for the European countries. This became possible due to progress in the availability and quality of voluntarily transmitted COFOG level II data. More ...

New: Inland waterway transport statistics

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EU-28 transport of metal ores and other mining and quarrying products; peat; uranium and thorium (03) by main reporting countries in 2012.png
This article presents inland waterways goods transport in the European Union (EU) and other countries connected to the EU inland waterways network. It focuses on the main products transported, based on annual data for 2012 and comparisons with previous years. More ...

Updated: Government finance statistics - quarterly data

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1 EU-27 TETR %GDP 2013Q4.png
In recent years Eurostat has significantly expanded the range of integrated quarterly data on government finances available, providing a timely and increasingly high quality picture of the evolution of government finances in the European Union (EU). The data presented in this article reflect both non-financial and financial (quarterly non-financial and financial accounts for general government) transactions and cover all European Union (EU-28) countries as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. More ...

Statistics in focus: Evolution of government expenditure by function

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Total general government expenditure, % of GDP, 2012.png
This publication analyses global trends in the structure of general government expenditure breakdown by their main socio-economic function (according to the Classification of the Functions of Government - COFOG), with a focus on social protection expenditure.

Eurostat collects data on general government expenditure by economic function according to the international Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG) in the framework of the European System of National Accounts (ESA95). More ...

New: Waste statistics - electrical and electronic equipment

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F1 EEE put on the market and WEEE collected treated.png
This article gives an overview of developments relating to waste electrical and electronic equipment in the European Union (EU) and some European non-member countries; it draws exclusively on data collected within the framework of Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

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Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-03-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...

Today's article

Structural business statistics overview

Value added breakdown by enterprise size class, EU-28, 2011 (1) (% of sectoral total) YB14.png
This article presents structural business statistics (SBS); these data describe the structure, main characteristics and performance of economic activities across the European Union (EU). While the statistics presented in this article are generally analysed at the level of NACE sections readers should note that structural business statistics are available at a much more detailed level (several hundred sectors).

Structural business statistics can provide answers to questions on the wealth creation (value added), investment and labour input of different economic activities. The data can be used to analyse structural shifts, for example from industry to services, country specialisations in particular activities, sectoral productivity and profitability, as well as a range of other topics. Because they are available broken down by enterprise size class, structural business statistics also permit a detailed analysis of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which is of particular use to EU policymakers and analysts wishing to focus on entrepreneurship and the role of SMEs. Furthermore, structural business statistics provide useful background information on which to base an interpretation of short-term statistics and the business cycle.

Main statistical findings

Sectoral analysis

Services activities accounted for the two largest shares of the enterprise population within the EU-28’s non-financial business economy (industry, construction, distributive trades and non-financial services) when analysed at the NACE section level: slightly fewer than 3 in every 10 (28.4 %) of the 22.1 million enterprises in the EU’s non-financial business economy were classified to distributive trades (motor trades, wholesale trade and retail trade), while just under one in six (17.2 %) were in professional, scientific or technical activities — see Figure 1. Many of these business services have benefitted from the outsourcing phenomenon, which may explain, in part, the structural shift towards services. More ...


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