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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Environmental goods and services sector

4-EGSS market output latest available year (% of GDP) v2.png
This article presents the main results from the statistics on the environmental goods and services sector in the European Union (EU) and its Member States for which data are available. More ...

Statistics in focus: Evolution of government expenditure by function

Total general government expenditure, % of GDP, 2012.png
This publication analyses global trends in the structure of general government expenditure breakdown by their main socio-economic function (according to the Classification of the Functions of Government - COFOG), with a focus on social protection expenditure.

Eurostat collects data on general government expenditure by economic function according to the international Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG) in the framework of the European System of National Accounts (ESA95). More ...

Updated: Tourism statistics - nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments

Number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments, EU-28, 2000-2013 (index 2000=100).png
This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU). December 2013 data are compared with December 2012. Furthermore, the article includes estimates for the year-to-year evolution of the total number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments for the entire year 2013. More ...

Updated: Sustainable development - climate change and energy

Greenhouse gas emissions, EU-27 1990-2020.png
This article provides an overview of statistical data on sustainable development in the areas of climate change and energy. They are based on the set of sustainable development indicators the European Union (EU) agreed upon for monitoring its sustainable development strategy. More ...

Statistics in focus: Government expenditure on public order and safety

General government expenditure on public order and safety, % of GDP, 2012 V2.png
In the framework of the European System of National Accounts (ESA95), Eurostat collects data on general government expenditure by economic function according to the international Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG) – see methodological note.

This publication presents for the first time detailed COFOG data on public order and safety for the European countries. This became possible due to progress in the availability and quality of voluntarily transmitted COFOG level II data. More ...

New: Waste statistics - electrical and electronic equipment


F1 EEE put on the market and WEEE collected treated.png
This article gives an overview of developments relating to waste electrical and electronic equipment in the European Union (EU) and some European non-member countries; it draws exclusively on data collected within the framework of Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). More ...

New: Greenhouse gas emissions by industries and households


Greenhouse gas emissions, analysis by activity, EU-27, 2000 and 2011.png
This article analyses the emissions of three greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the European Union (EU) on the basis of an analysis of the industries and households that are responsible for their generation. It briefly explains the differences between the data on GHG emissions reported under the Regulation 0691/2011 on European environmental economic accounting and the data reported to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto protocol. More ...

Today's article

Information society statistics

Use of internet for social networking, learning, civic and political participation, by age group, EU-27, 2011 (% of individuals).png
This article presents recent statistical data on many different aspects of the information society in the European Union (EU). Progress in the development of the information society is regarded as critical to improve the competitiveness of EU industry and, more generally, to meet the demands of society and the EU economy.

Information and communication technologies (ICT) affect people’s everyday lives in many ways, both at work and in the home, for example when communicating or buying online. EU policies range from regulating entire areas such as e-commerce to trying to protect an individual’s privacy.

Main statistical findings

Households and individuals

During the last decade, ICT have become widely available to the general public, both in terms of accessibility as well as cost. A boundary was crossed in 2007, when a majority (55 %) of households in the EU-27 had internet access. This proportion continued to increase and in 2011 reached 73 %, rising by an additional 3 percentage points compared with 2010. Widespread and affordable broadband access is one of the means of promoting a knowledge-based and informed society. In all Member States broadband was by far the most common form of internet access, used by 67 % of all EU-27 households in 2011, more than double the share in 2006 - see Figure 1.

The highest proportion (94 %) of households with internet access in 2011 was recorded in the Netherlands (see Figure 2), while Luxembourg, Sweden and Denmark also reported that at least nine out of every ten households had internet access in 2011. The lowest rate of internet access among the EU Member States was recorded in Bulgaria (45 %). However, there was a rapid expansion in household access to the internet in Bulgaria, as the proportion of households with access rose by 12 percentage points between 2010 and 2011. Romania was the only other Member State where fewer than half of all households had internet access. More ...