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Statistics Explained, Ihr Wegweiser durch die europäischen Statistiken.

Statistics Explained ist eine offizielle Eurostat Website, die alle statistischen Themen auf eine leicht verständliche Weise präsentiert. Zusammen bilden die Artikel eine Enzyklopädie europäischer Statistiken, ergänzt durch ein statistisches Glossar, das entsprechende Begriffe erklärt, sowie durch zahlreiche Links zu weiteren Informationen sowie zu neuesten Daten und Metadaten - ein nützliches Portal für gelegentliche und häufige Nutzer.

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Aktualisiert: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-09-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. Mehr ...

Aktualisiert: Job vacancy statistics

Job Vacancy Rate by country 2014Q2.PNG
This article gives an overview of recent job vacancy statistics in the European Union (EU), notably the job vacancy rate (JVR). Job vacancy trends over the last decade are analysed in another article. The News Release with quarterly data on the job vacancy rate is available here. Mehr ...

Statistics in focus: Water use in industry

Proportion of abstractions for the manufacturing and production of electricity-cooling industries, 2011 (%).png
Industry is one of the main water users in Europe, accounting for about 40 % of total water abstractions. Water is used in the production process (e.g. for cooling purposes, for cleaning/washing as well as for employees’ use) and is either provided by a public supplier or self-supplied. Furthermore the industrial sector is a major water polluter, as only up to 60 % (value based on data from eight countries) of industrial wastewater receives treatment before being disposed of into the environment. Mehr ...

Aktualisiert: Unemployment statistics

Change in the number of unemployed persons (compared to previous month, in thousands), seasonally adjusted, January 2006 - August 2014.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. Mehr ...

Aktualisiert: Seasonality in the tourist accommodation sector

Monthly distribution of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments (countries with high seasonality), 2012, %.png
This article focuses on the tourist accommodation sector in the European Union (EU) and looks at the seasonality of arrivals and nights spent in accommodation establishments as well as the seasonality of the turnover and the employment in this specific tourism industry. Mehr ...

Aktualisiert: Freight transport statistics - modal split

Freight transport in the EU-28, modal split of inland transport modes 2007 2012.png
This article analyses the relative importance of the different inland transport modes (road, rail, inland waterways) in the European Union (EU). It explains the principles of the modal split for the inland transport modes and the adjustments applied to the road freight data in order to allow for a comparison of the shares taken by each of the three modes in the transport performance on a given country’s territory. Mehr ...

Aktualisiert: Consumer prices - detailed average prices

White sugar, price per kg, 2013.png
This article presents detailed consumer prices for the European Union (EU). These were collected for the 'Detailed average prices' (DAP)' project being run jointly by Eurostat and national statistical institutes. Detailed price statistics and detailed data on price levels are needed for several purposes, including product market Mehr ...

Aktualisiert: Pig farming statistics

Number of sows by region (2013).png
This article provides a general overview of statistics on pig farming in the European Union (EU). Pigmeat is produced throughout the EU on several types of farms with considerable variations from one Member State to another. Three quarters of pigs are reared by just 1.5 % of the largest fatteners. Small pig producers are mostly found in the 13 Member States that joined the EU since 2004, which creates a decreasing size of the herd. The tasks of pig rearing are distributed across farms in the main production basins and even across regions. Mehr ...

Artikel des Tages

Passenger transport statistics

Top 15 airports, passengers carried (embarked and disembarked), EU-28, 2012 (million passengers) YB14.png
This article provides details relating to recent trends for passenger transport statistics within the European Union (EU). It presents information on a range of passenger transport modes, such as road, rail, air and maritime transport. Among these, the principal mode of passenger transport is that of the passenger car, fuelled by a desire to have greater mobility and flexibility. The high reliance on the use of the car as a means of passenger transport across the EU has contributed to an increased level of congestion and pollution in many urban areas and on many major transport arteries.

Main statistical findings

Passenger cars accounted for 84.1 % of inland passenger transport in the EU-28 in 2012, with motor coaches, buses and trolley buses (9.6 %) and trains (6.8 %) both accounting for less than a tenth of all traffic (as measured by the number of inland passenger-kilometres (pkm) travelled by each mode) — see Table 1.

Between 2002 and 2012 there was a marked increase in the relative importance of the use of passenger cars among many of the Member States that joined the EU since 2004, in particular in Bulgaria, Estonia, Slovakia and Lithuania; there was also a substantial increase in the use of passenger cars in Turkey. By contrast, the relative importance of cars as a mode of inland passenger transport fell in eight of the EU-15 Member States. The most sizeable reductions in the relative importance of the car between 2002 and 2012 were recorded in Italy (the share of cars in total inland passenger transport falling 4.4 percentage points), Luxembourg (-2.7 points) and the United Kingdom (-2.4 points), while the relative importance of the car also fell in three more of the largest EU Member States — Germany, Spain and France. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (-3.5 points) and Switzerland (-2.4 points) also recorded a contraction in the relative importance of passenger cars for inland passenger transport. Mehr ...