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Statistics Explained, ghidul dumneavoastră privind statisticile europene.

Statistics Explained este un site oficial al Eurostat, care prezintă informaţii statistice pe diverse teme, într-un limbaj accesibil. Alături de enciclopedie a statisticilor europene, mai puteţi găsi un glosar cu toţi termenii utilizaţi precum şi linkuri către informaţii suplimentare şi cele mai recente date şi metadate: un portal pentru utilizatorii ocazionali sau frecvenţi.

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Actualizat: Consumer prices - detailed average prices

White sugar, price per kg, 2013.png
This article presents detailed consumer prices for the European Union (EU). These were collected for the 'Detailed average prices' (DAP)' project being run jointly by Eurostat and national statistical institutes. Detailed price statistics and detailed data on price levels are needed for several purposes, including product market Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Seasonality in the tourist accommodation sector

Monthly distribution of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments (countries with high seasonality), 2012, %.png
This article focuses on the tourist accommodation sector in the European Union (EU) and looks at the seasonality of arrivals and nights spent in accommodation establishments as well as the seasonality of the turnover and the employment in this specific tourism industry. Mai mult ...

Statistics in focus: Water use in industry

Proportion of abstractions for the manufacturing and production of electricity-cooling industries, 2011 (%).png
Industry is one of the main water users in Europe, accounting for about 40 % of total water abstractions. Water is used in the production process (e.g. for cooling purposes, for cleaning/washing as well as for employees’ use) and is either provided by a public supplier or self-supplied. Furthermore the industrial sector is a major water polluter, as only up to 60 % (value based on data from eight countries) of industrial wastewater receives treatment before being disposed of into the environment. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Pig farming statistics

Number of sows by region (2013).png
This article provides a general overview of statistics on pig farming in the European Union (EU). Pigmeat is produced throughout the EU on several types of farms with considerable variations from one Member State to another. Three quarters of pigs are reared by just 1.5 % of the largest fatteners. Small pig producers are mostly found in the 13 Member States that joined the EU since 2004, which creates a decreasing size of the herd. The tasks of pig rearing are distributed across farms in the main production basins and even across regions. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-09-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Freight transport statistics - modal split

Freight transport in the EU-28, modal split of inland transport modes 2007 2012.png
This article analyses the relative importance of the different inland transport modes (road, rail, inland waterways) in the European Union (EU). It explains the principles of the modal split for the inland transport modes and the adjustments applied to the road freight data in order to allow for a comparison of the shares taken by each of the three modes in the transport performance on a given country’s territory. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Job vacancy statistics

Job Vacancy Rate by country 2014Q2.PNG
This article gives an overview of recent job vacancy statistics in the European Union (EU), notably the job vacancy rate (JVR). Job vacancy trends over the last decade are analysed in another article. The News Release with quarterly data on the job vacancy rate is available here. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Unemployment statistics

Change in the number of unemployed persons (compared to previous month, in thousands), seasonally adjusted, January 2006 - August 2014.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. Mai mult ...

Articolul zilei

Consumer prices - inflation and comparative price levels

HICP all-items, development of the annual average inflation rates, 2002–12 (%) YB14 I.png
An increase in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy is called inflation; it is usually measured by consumer price indices or retail price indices. Within the European Union (EU) a specific consumer price index for the purpose of tracing price developments has been developed — it is called the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP). If there is inflation within an economy, then the purchasing power of money falls as consumers are no longer able to purchase the same amount of goods and services (with the same money). By contrast, if prices fall, then consumers should be able to purchase more goods and services; this is often referred to as deflation. When there is no change in prices (or relatively low rates of inflation) this may be referred to as a period of price stability.

Purchasing power parities estimate price level differences between countries and these can be used to calculate price level indices, which may in turn be used as a starting point for analysing price convergence between countries or regions.

Main statistical findings

Inflation: price changes over time

Compared with historical trends, consumer price indices rose at a relatively modest pace during the last two decades. The inflation rate of the EU (an evolving aggregate reflecting EU membership) decreased during the 1990s, reaching 1.2 % by 1999, after which the pace of price increases settled within the range of 2.0 % to 2.3 % per annum during the period 2000 to 2007. Mai mult ...