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Statistics Explained, ghidul dumneavoastră privind statisticile europene.

Statistics Explained este un site oficial al Eurostat, care prezintă informaţii statistice pe diverse teme, într-un limbaj accesibil. Alături de enciclopedie a statisticilor europene, mai puteţi găsi un glosar cu toţi termenii utilizaţi precum şi linkuri către informaţii suplimentare şi cele mai recente date şi metadate: un portal pentru utilizatorii ocazionali sau frecvenţi.

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Statistics in focus: Water use in industry

Proportion of abstractions for the manufacturing and production of electricity-cooling industries, 2011 (%).png
Industry is one of the main water users in Europe, accounting for about 40 % of total water abstractions. Water is used in the production process (e.g. for cooling purposes, for cleaning/washing as well as for employees’ use) and is either provided by a public supplier or self-supplied. Furthermore the industrial sector is a major water polluter, as only up to 60 % (value based on data from eight countries) of industrial wastewater receives treatment before being disposed of into the environment. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-08-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: The EU in the world - introduction

EU-28 and G20 countries.png
This article is an introduction to the online version of Eurostat’s publication The EU in the world (also downloadable as a PDF). It provides a selection of statistics on the European Union (EU) — considered as a single entity — in comparison with the 15 non-EU countries from the Group of Twenty (G20). It aims to give an insight into the European economy, society and environment in comparison with the major economies from the rest of the world. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Labour cost index - recent trends

Total nominal hourly labour cost, 2014 Q2 (% change compared to previous quarter).png
The labour cost index (LCI) shows the short-term development of the labour cost, the total cost on an hourly basis of employing labour. In other words, the LCI measures the cost pressure arising from the production factor “labour”. This article takes a look at the most recent evolutions of the LCI, both at the level of the European Union (EU) and the Member States. Mai mult ...

Nou: Labour force survey statistics - transition from work to retirement

Employed, retired and other not employed persons aged 50-69 (thousands of persons), EU-28, 2012 .png
This article presents selected results from the EU Labour force survey (LFS) and its 2012 ad hoc module on the transition from work to retirement for the European Union (EU) and all its Member States, as well as for three EFTA countries. The data explain the transition from work to retirement, looking at types of pensions, the age at which people start receiving a pension, early retirement, persons who continue working after starting to receive a pension and the reasons for this, etc. Mai mult ...

Nou: Resource productivity statistics

Res Prod compared to GDP and DMC 2000-2012.png
This article presents recent statistics on resource productivity in the European Union (EU) and its Member States. The EU’s resource productivity has increased by 29.2 % in the 2000–12 timeframe. Whereas resource productivity has slowly increased over the years between 2000 and 2007, Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Seasonality in the tourist accommodation sector

Monthly distribution of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments (countries with high seasonality), 2012, %.png
This article focuses on the tourist accommodation sector in the European Union (EU) and looks at the seasonality of arrivals and nights spent in accommodation establishments as well as the seasonality of the turnover and the employment in this specific tourism industry. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Job vacancy statistics

Job Vacancy Rate by country 2014Q2.PNG
This article gives an overview of recent job vacancy statistics in the European Union (EU), notably the job vacancy rate (JVR). Job vacancy trends over the last decade are analysed in another article. The News Release with quarterly data on the job vacancy rate is available here. Mai mult ...

Today's Article

Minimum wage statistics

Figure 1 - minimum wages 2014 July.PNG
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in some of the candidate countries and the United States.

Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. The national minimum wage usually applies to all employees, or at least to a large majority of employees in a country. It is enforced by law, often after consultation with social partners, or directly by a national intersectoral agreement.

Minimum wages are generally presented as monthly wage rates for gross earnings, that is, before the deduction of income tax and social security contributions payable by the employee; these deductions vary from country to country.

Main statistical findings

Variations in national minimum wages

Minimum wages in the EU Member States ranged from EUR 174 to EUR 1 921 per month in July 2014

In 2014, 21 out of the 28 EU Member States (Denmark, Germany, Italy, Cyprus, Austria, Finland and Sweden were the exceptions) had a national minimum wage (see Map 1). As of 1 July 2014, monthly minimum wages varied widely, from a low of EUR 174 in Bulgaria to EUR 1 921 in Luxembourg. Mai mult ...