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Statistics Explained, ghidul dumneavoastră privind statisticile europene.

Statistics Explained este un site oficial al Eurostat, care prezintă informaţii statistice pe diverse teme, într-un limbaj accesibil. Alături de enciclopedie a statisticilor europene, mai puteţi găsi un glosar cu toţi termenii utilizaţi precum şi linkuri către informaţii suplimentare şi cele mai recente date şi metadate: un portal pentru utilizatorii ocazionali sau frecvenţi.

Pentru a găsi informaţiile de care aveţi nevoie, consultaţi colectia articolelor în limba română sau pentru alte articole in limba engleza utilizaţi structura tematică ierarhică, categoriile sau funcţia de căutare (Alt-f).


Actualizat: Government finance statistics - quarterly data

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In recent years Eurostat has significantly expanded the range of integrated quarterly data on government finances available, providing a timely and increasingly high quality picture of the evolution of government finances in the European Union (EU). The data presented in this article reflect both non-financial and financial (quarterly non-financial and financial accounts for general government) transactions and cover all European Union (EU-28) countries as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. Mai mult ...

Nou: Migrant integration statistics - employment

Evolution of activity rates in EU-28, population aged 20-64 years by broad groups of citizenship, 2007-13.png
Migrants play an important role in the labour markets and economies of the countries they settle in. This article presents European Union statistics on the employment of migrants as part of monitoring their integration and assessing their situation in the labour market. This in turn makes it easier to evaluate the outcomes of integration policies. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Construction permit index overview

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The indices for building permits are business cycle indicators providing information on the development of granted building permits in the European Union (EU).

Short-term statistics provide two types of indices for building permits. The so-called "dwelling index" simply reflects the evolution in terms of the number of dwellings. Mai mult ...

Actualizat: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-06-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. Mai mult ...

Nou: European Neighbourhood Policy - South - labour market statistics

ENPS Economic activity rate by gender 2011.PNG
This article is part of an online publication and presents data on the labour force for nine countries of the European Neighbourhood Policy - South (ENP-South); data are not yet collected for Libya. Mai mult ...

Nou: Foreign direct investment between the European Union and BRIC

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This article presents foreign direct investment (FDI) between the European Union (EU) and the BRIC countries – Brazil, Russia, India and China (including Hong Kong). Mai mult ...

Nou: Land cover and land use (LUCAS) statistics

Landscape diversity expressed by the Shannon evenness index, by NUTS 2 regions, 2012 (index, range = 0–1) RYB14.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat Regional Yearbook publication. It provides information in relation to Eurostat’s land use/cover area frame survey (LUCAS), which provides harmonised and comparable statistics on land cover and land use across the whole of the European Union’s (EU’s) territory (other than Croatia). Mai mult ...

Statistics in focus: Trade in energy products


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The purpose of this study is to give a statistical overview of EU trade in energy products, with a particular focus on imports from Russia. Mai mult ...

Articolul zilei

Minimum wage statistics

Minimum wages, 1 January 2014 (EUR per month) YB14 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels — established by national legislation or directly by national intersectoral agreement — vary considerably across European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in Turkey and the United States.

Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to monthly national minimum wages. The national minimum wage usually applies to all employees, or at least to a large majority of employees in the country under consideration. Minimum wages are gross earnings, that is, before the deduction of income tax and social security contributions payable by the employee; these deductions vary from country to country. The national minimum wage is enforced by law, often after consultation with social partners, or directly by national intersectoral agreement.

National minimum wages are published by Eurostat bi-annually. They reflect the situation on 1 January and 1 July of each year. As a consequence, modifications to minimum wages introduced between these two dates are only shown for the following bi-annual release of data.

Main statistical findings

In July 2013, 21 of the EU’s 28 Member States (all except Denmark, Germany, Italy, Cyprus, Austria, Finland and Sweden) had national legislation setting a minimum wage by statute or by national intersectoral agreement.

Variation of statutory minimum wages

In January 2014 minimum wages in EU Member States ranged from EUR 174 to EUR 1 921 per month

Monthly minimum wages varied widely, from EUR 174 in Bulgaria to EUR 1 921 in Luxembourg as of 1 January 2014. When adjusted for price differentials across countries, the disparities between the EU Member States were reduced from a ratio of 1:11 (in euro terms, see Figure 1) to a range of 1:5 in purchasing power standard (PPS) terms (see Figure 2). Monthly minimum wages, taking account of price differences between the Member States, ranged from a low of 345 PPS in Romania to a high of 1 576 PPS in Luxembourg. Mai mult ...