Natural gas consumption statistics

From Statistics Explained

Data from May 2013. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.

This article comprises monthly cumulated data on natural gas in the European Union (EU) for the years 2011 and 2012, as well as evolution trends. It covers all aspects of the supply side - primary production, imports and exports, stock changes, gross inland consumption - as well as natural gas energy dependency data by Member State and for the European aggregates EU-27 and euro area.

Figure 1: Gross inland consumption in EU-27
in thousand terajoules (gross calorific value)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)

Main statistical findings

Figure 2: EU-27 imports of natural gas - percentage of extra-EU imports by country of origin
Source: Eurostat (nrg_124m)
Table 1: Provisional natural gas balance sheet, January-December 2012 in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Table 2: Provisional natural gas balance sheet (January-December 2012) in thousand terajoules (GCV)-tb2
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Figure 3: Gross inland consumption in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Figure 4: Primary production in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m)
Figure 5: Total imports and exports in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)

Consumption trends

In 2012, gross inland consumption of natural gas in EU-27 fell by 3.6 % in comparison with 2011 to reach 17 610 thousand terajoules. EA-17 consumption, on the other hand, fell by 3.4 %, to 12 287 thousand terajoules. The biggest falls in consumption compared with 2011 were in Belgium (-30.5 %), Sweden (-12.7 %), Finland (-10.5 %), Portugal (-9.6 %), Denmark (-8.4 %) and Greece (-7.7 %). Increases in consumption in comparison with 2011 were recorded only in Estonia (+11.3 %), Poland (+6.2 %), Germany (+3.4 %) and Luxembourg (+1.5 %).

Supply structure

EU-27 natural gas production fell by 5.5 % in comparison with 2011 to total 6 154 thousand terajoules. For EA-17, the decrease was 1.6 % and production amounted to 3 568 thousand terajoules. Of the main EU producers, the United Kingdom registered a drop in production of 14.4 %, with decreases of 12.5 % in Germany, 10.2 % in France, 9.2 % in Denmark, 0.4 % in the Netherlands and 0.3 % in Romania. In contrast, there was an increase of 30.4 % in natural gas production in Slovakia and 13.9 % in Spain.

Total EU-27 imports of natural gas increased by 1.8 % to total 16 612 thousand terajoules. In EA-17, these imports increased by 3.5 % to total 13 051 thousand terajoules. Russian Federation is the country of origin for 31.9 % of natural gas imports (Intra-EU trade excluded), Norway supplies 29.4 %, Algeria 13.8 %, Qatar 8.7 % and Nigeria 3.4 %.

Natural gas dependency in EU-27 is 65.6 % in 2012, slightly decreasing from 67.3 % in 2011. The Netherlands and Denmark are the only net exporters. In 15 Member States, energy dependency is higher than 90 %.

Data sources and availability

All data used in this article correspond to cumulative monthly figures and may differ from the annual data. Exceptionally, annual values for EU-27 for the period 1995-2007 have been used in Figure 1. For confidentiality reasons, EU-27 primary production, resources and gross inland consumption for reference years 2011 and 2012 do not include data for Bulgaria.

The reporting is based on Energy statistics Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008.


In Table 1 and Table 2, negative dependency rate indicates a net exporter country. Positive values over 100 % indicate stocks build-up during the reference period.

Further Eurostat information


Main tables

Energy Statistics - quantities (t_nrg_quant)
Primary production of natural gas (ten00079)
Gross inland energy consumption, by fuel (tsdcc320)
Final energy consumption of natural gas (ten00098)
Energy dependence (tsdcc310)


Energy Statistics - quantities (nrg_quant)
Energy Statistics - supply, transformation, consumption (nrg_10)
Supply - gas - monthly data (nrg_103m)
Energy statistics - imports (by country of origin) (nrg_12)
Imports (by country of origin) - gas - monthly data (nrg_124m)
Energy statistics - exports (by country of destination) (nrg_13)
Exports (by country of destination) - gas - monthly data (nrg_134m)

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)

Other information

  • Regulation 1099/2008 on energy statistics
  • Regulation 844/2010 on energy statistics, as regards the establishment of a set of annual nuclear statistics and the adaptation of the methodological references according to NACE Rev. 2

See also