Natural gas consumption statistics

From Statistics Explained

Data from May 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.

This article comprises monthly cumulated data on natural gas in the European Union (EU) for the years 2012 and 2013, as well as evolution trends. It covers all aspects of the supply side - primary production, imports and exports, stock changes, gross inland consumption - as well as natural gas energy dependency data by Member State and for the European aggregates EU-28 and euro area.

Figure 1: Gross inland consumption in EU-28
in thousand terajoules (gross calorific value)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_103a) (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)

Main statistical findings

Figure 2: EU-28 imports of natural gas - percentage of extra-EU imports by country of origin
Source: Eurostat (nrg_124m)
Table 1: Provisional natural gas balance sheet, January-December 2013 in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Table 2: Provisional natural gas balance sheet (January-December 2013) in thousand terajoules (GCV)-tb2
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Figure 3: Gross inland consumption in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Figure 4: Primary production in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m)
Figure 5: Total imports and exports in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)

Consumption trends

In 2013, gross inland consumption of natural gas in EU-28 decreased by 0.4 % in comparison with 2012 to reach 17 957 thousand terajoules. EA-18 consumption, on the other hand, also slightly decreased by 0.3 %, to 12 605 thousand terajoules. The biggest falls in consumption compared with 2012 were in Lithuania (-18.5 %), Luxembourg (-15.0 %), Greece (-11.8 %), Slovak Republic (-11.0 %) and Hungary (-10.7 %). Increases in consumption in comparison with 2012 were recorded in Germany (+8.3 %), Slovenia (+6.9 %) and France (+3.1 %).

Supply structure

EU-28 natural gas production fell by 0.7 % in comparison with 2012 to total 6 154 thousand terajoules. For EA-18, it was recorded an increase of 3.0 % and production amounted to 3 675 thousand terajoules in 2013. Of the main EU producers, France registered a drop in production of 29.4 %, with decreases of 29.0 % in Slovak Republic, 28.2 % in Austria, 21.2 % in Hungary, 15.8 % in Denmark and 10.1 % in Italy. In contrast, there was an increase of 6.8 % in natural gas production in Netherlands and 0.3 % in Romania.

Total EU-28 imports of natural gas increased by 29.5 % to total 22 986 thousand terajoules. By countries, significant increases could be observed in Slovak Republic, Poland, Bulgaria and Czech Republic. In EA-18, these imports increased by 17.7 % to total 16 688 thousand terajoules in 2013. Following the change in methodology introduced starting with January 2013 with respect to the natural gas trade reporting, monthly data concerning imports by country of origin are not anymore completely comparable with previous year's figures. The new reporting provide imports figures by last transit country (neighbouring country) instead of by country of primary / indigenous production. Hence, the relatively big changes observed between 2012 and 2013 in terms of origin of the imports (e.g. lower volumes coming from Russia or Algeria but higher imports from Other third countries) are partly explained by this break in the time series. Taking this into account, Norway is the country of origin for 23.8 % of natural gas imports (Intra-EU trade excluded), Russian Federation supplies 17.5 %, Qatar 7.1 % and Algeria 6.0 %. Also, natural gas dependency in EU-28 is 65.2 % in 2013, slightly decreasing from 66.0 % in 2012. The Netherlands and Denmark are the only net exporters. In 16 Member States, energy dependency is higher than 90 %.

Data sources and availability

All data used in this article correspond to cumulative monthly figures and may differ from the annual data. For confidentiality reasons, EU-28 primary production, resources and gross inland consumption for reference years 2011 and 2012 do not include data for Bulgaria.

The reporting is based on Energy statistics Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008.


In Table 1 and Table 2, negative dependency rate indicates a net exporter country. Positive values over 100 % indicate stocks build-up during the reference period.

See also

Further Eurostat information


Main tables

Energy Statistics - quantities (t_nrg_quant)
Primary production of energy by resource (ten00076)
Gross inland energy consumption by fuel type (tsdcc320)
Final energy consumption by product (ten00095)
Energy dependence (tsdcc310)


Energy Statistics - quantities, monthly data (nrg_quant)
Energy Statistics - supply, transformation, consumption (nrg_10m)
Supply - gas - monthly data (nrg_103m)
Energy statistics - imports (by country of origin) (nrg_12m)
Imports (by country of origin) - gas - monthly data (nrg_124m)
Energy statistics - exports (by country of destination) (nrg_13m)
Exports (by country of destination) - gas - monthly data (nrg_134m)

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)

Other information

  • Regulation 147/2013 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the implementation of updates for the monthly and annual energy statistics
  • Regulation 844/2010 on energy statistics, as regards the establishment of a set of annual nuclear statistics and the adaptation of the methodological references according to NACE Rev. 2
  • Regulation 1099/2008 on energy statistics