Pipeline transport statistics - NACE Rev. 1.1
From Statistics Explained
- Data from January 2009, most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database
This article belongs to a set of statistical articles which analyse the structure, development and characteristics of the various economic activities in the European Union (EU). According to the statistical classification of economic activities in the EU (NACE Rev 1.1), the present article covers pipeline transport statistics, corresponding to NACE Group 60.3, which is part of the transport and storage sector. The activities covered in this article are:
- the transport of gases, liquids, slurry and other commodities via pipelines;
- the operation of pump stations.
This article does not include the distribution (as opposed to the transport) of natural or manufactured gas via mains, or of water or steam.
Main statistical findings
The EU-27's transport via pipelines sector (NACE Group 60.3) had approximately 130 enterprises which together generated EUR 11.0 billion of turnover in 2005 and as such its share in transport services (NACE Divisions 60 to 63) turnover was 1.0 %. Although data is only available for a few Member States it is clear that in turnover terms this sector is relatively important in Italy which accounted for 18.3 % of the EU-27's turnover in 2005, while Germany also recorded a large share (14.8 %). Employment in this sector in the EU-27 was in excess of 16.8 thousand persons in 2005, with large workforces in Romania (7.9 thousand), Poland (3.4 thousand) and Italy (3.0 thousand).
Data sources and availability
The main part of the analysis in this article is derived from structural business statistics (SBS), including core, business statistics which are disseminated regularly, as well as information compiled on a multi-yearly basis, and the latest results from development projects.
The transport and storage sector focuses on transport services provided to clients for hire and reward. When analysing transport traffic volumes (for example, tonnes of freight) as presented in this article, it is important to bear in mind that these include own account transport as well as transport services for hire and reward. This is particularly important in road transport where, for example, a manufacturer might collect materials or deliver own output, rather than contracting a transport service enterprise to do this. Equally, the use of own vehicles (typically passenger cars) accounts for a very large part of passenger transport. Such own account transport does not contribute towards the statistics on the transport services sector.
EU transport policy is based upon the 2001 White paper ‘European transport policy for 2010: time to decide’ and the 2006 mid-term review in the European Commission's communication (COM(2006) 314) ‘Keep Europe moving – sustainable mobility for our continent’. In 2007 the European Commission adopted a communication (COM(2007) 606) on ‘Keeping freight moving’, to make rail freight more competitive, facilitate modernisation of ports, and review progress in the development of sea shipping.
Environmental issues remain of great importance to this sector, as transport is a major source of emissions and noise. In 2008 the European Commission put forward a package of measures related to road and rail transport referred to as ‘Greening Transport’. This included a communication (COM(2008) 433) summarising the packages and initiatives planned for 2009, a strategy to internalise the cost of transport externalities, a proposal for a Directive on road tolls for lorries, and a communication on rail noise. The overall thrust of the package is to try to move towards more sustainable transport.
Further Eurostat information
- European Business: Facts and figures - 2009 edition
- Oil pipeline transport (pipe)
- Oil pipeline transport - Infrastructure (pipe_if)
- Oil pipeline transport - Enterprises, economic performances and employment (pipe_ec)
- Oil pipeline transport measurement - goods (pipe_go)
Methodology / metadata
- Oil pipeline transport (ESMS metadata file - pipe_esms)
- COM(2006) 314 of 22 June 2006 on Keep Europe moving - Sustainable mobility for our continent
- COM(2007) 606 of 18 October 2007 on The EU's freight transport agenda: Boosting the efficiency, integration and sustainability of freight transport in Europe
- COM(2008) 433 of 8 July 2008 on Greening Transport