Tourism statistics - nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments
From Statistics Explained
- Data from July 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU). The data of the most recent reference month available are compared with the same month of the previous year, in addition and to smoothen fluctuations - data for a three months' period are compared with the same period one year earlier.
Furthermore, the article includes estimates for the year-to-year evolution of the total number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments for the entire year 2013.
- 1 Main statistical findings
- 2 Data sources and availability
- 3 Context
- 4 See also
- 5 Further Eurostat information
- 6 External links
- 7 Notes
Main statistical findings
March and first quarter 2014
In March 2014, compared with March 2013, 12.9 million less nights (-8.1 %) were spent at tourist accommodation establishments in the European Union (see Figure 1 and Table 1). This decrease was more pronounced for residents (tourists travelling inside their country of residence) (-9.8 million nights, -10.7 %) than for non-residents (-3.1 million nights, -4.6 %).
With the exception of eight countries, this drop was reflected in the national figures of all Members States where data is available.
In the segment of hotels and similar accommodation establishments a decrease of 5.5 million nights (-4.8 %) was observed in March 2014, compared with March 2013.
Looking at the three months' period from January to March 2014 a decrease of -2.8 % was recorded in the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments, compared with the same period one year earlier (see Table 2). However this drop was mainly due to the decrease observed in March. In January 2014 compared with January 2013, the number of nights spent increased by 2.4 %, while in February 2014 compared with the same month in 2013 a drop of -0.9 % was observed (see Figure 2).
First results for 2013
Nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments across the EU grew by 2.0 % in 2013
Looking at the twelve months’ period from January to December 2013 an increase of 2.0% was recorded in the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments compared with the previous year (see Figure 3, Table 3 and Table 4).
Estimates for all three types of tourist accommodation establishments show rises for 2013; the number of nights spent at hotels and similar establishments, at holiday and other short-stay accommodation and at camping grounds, recreational vehicle and trailer parks increased by 2.4 %, 1.4 % and 1.2 % respectively (see Table 4).
The increase at EU level reflected national evolutions; only in three out of the 25 Member States where data is available, did the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments decrease in 2013. Italy, Cyprus and Finland registered falls, while Malta, Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and Portugal recorded growth over 5.0 % (see Figure 4).
Increase in total nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments exclusively due to non-residents
Following an increase by 4.3 % in 2012, the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments across the Union continued to grow in 2013 by 2.0 % (see Figure 5).
The nights spent by non-residents grew nearly at the same pace in 2013 (+5.0 %) and in 2012 (+5.2 %). The growth of non-resident nights at EU level was reflected in all EU Member States for which data is available, except Cyprus (-3.3 %) and Belgium (-0.8 %)(see Figure 6).
Following an increase by 3.7 % in 2012, the number of nights spent by domestic tourists in the EU decreased by -0.3 % in 2013, with Cyprus recording the biggest drop of -14.9 % (see Figure 7).
Complete and more detailed annual data for 2013 will be available in September 2014.
Data sources and availability
":" data unavailable or unreliable.
The EU is a major tourist destination, with five Member States among the world’s top ten destinations for holidaymakers, according to UNWTO data. Tourism is an important activity in the EU which has the potential to contribute towards employment and economic growth, as well as to development in rural, peripheral or less-developed areas. These characteristics drive the demand for reliable and harmonised statistics within this field, as well as within the wider context of regional policy and sustainable development policy areas.
With the adoption of Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, timeliness of accommodation statistics has significantly improved. As of 2012, monthly data are transmitted to Eurostat within eight weeks after the reference month.
Further Eurostat information
Methodology / Metadata
- Occupancy of tourist accommodation establishments (ESMS metadata file - tour_occ_esms)
Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)
- With 2012 as reference year:
- Regulation 692/2011 of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
- Regulation 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
- Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012):
- Commission Decision 1999/35/CE of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 2004/883/CE of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
- Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.
- Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism (Communication from the European Commission, October 2007)
- European Commission - Enterprise and Industry - Tourism