Tourism statistics - nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments
From Statistics Explained
- Data from March 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU). December 2013 data are compared with December 2012. Furthermore, the article includes estimates for the year-to-year evolution of the total number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments for the entire year 2013.
- 1 Main statistical findings
- 2 Data sources and availability
- 3 Context
- 4 See also
- 5 Further Eurostat information
- 6 External links
- 7 Notes
Main statistical findings
In December 2013, compared with December 2012, 207 000 more nights (+0.2 %) were spent at tourist accommodation establishments in the European Union (see Figure 1 and Table 1). This increase was exclusively due to non-residents (tourists travelling outside their country of residence) (+2.9 million nights, +5.6 %) while nights spent by residents dropped by -3.7 % (-2.7 million nights).
A positive growth was observed in the national figures of all Member States where data is available, except Cyprus, Belgium, Latvia and France who reported falls in the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments (-18.5 %, -10.0 %, -5.5 % and -0.3 % respectively).
In the segment of hotels and similar accommodation establishments an increase of 1.2 million nights (+1.3 %) was observed in December 2013, compared with December 2012 (see figure 2).
First results for 2013
Nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments across the EU grew by 1.7 % in 2013
Looking at the twelve months’ period from January to December 2013 an increase of 1.7% was recorded in the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments compared with the previous year (see Table 2 and Table 3).
Estimates for all three types of tourist accommodation establishments show rises for 2013; the number of nights spent at hotels and similar establishments, at holiday and other short-stay accommodation and at camping grounds, recreational vehicle and trailer parks increased by 2.0 %, 0.4 % and 1.8 % respectively (see Table 3).
The increase at EU level reflected national evolutions; only in five out of the 25 Member States where data is available, did the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments decrease in 2013. Italy, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Belgium and Finland registered falls, while Greece, Malta, Bulgaria and Latvia recorded the highest growth (+12.0 %, +8.1 %, +6.7 % and +6.4 % respectively) (see Figure 3).
Increase in total nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments exclusively due to non-residents
Following an increase by 3.9 % in 2012, the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments across the Union continued to grow in 2013 by 1.7 % (see Figure 4).
The nights spent by non-residents grew faster in 2013 (+5.2 %) than in 2012 (+4.4 %). The growth of non-resident nights at EU level was reflected in all EU Member States for which data is available, except Cyprus (-3.3 %), Belgium (-2.3 %), Sweden (-1.5 %) and Italy (-0.3 %) (see Figure 5).
Following an increase by 3.5 % in 2012, the number of nights spent by domestic tourists in the EU decreased by -1.1 % in 2013, with Cyprus recording the biggest drop of -14.9 % (see Figure 6).
Complete and more detailed annual data for 2013 will be available as of July 2014.
Data sources and availability
":" data unavailable or unreliable.
The EU is a major tourist destination, with five Member States among the world’s top ten destinations for holidaymakers, according to UNWTO data. Tourism is an important activity in the EU which has the potential to contribute towards employment and economic growth, as well as to development in rural, peripheral or less-developed areas. These characteristics drive the demand for reliable and harmonised statistics within this field, as well as within the wider context of regional policy and sustainable development policy areas.
With the adoption of Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, timeliness of accommodation statistics has significantly improved. As of 2012, monthly data are transmitted to Eurostat within eight weeks after the reference month.
Further Eurostat information
Methodology / Metadata
- Occupancy of tourist accommodation establishments (ESMS metadata file - tour_occ_esms)
Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)
- With 2012 as reference year:
- Regulation 692/2011 of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
- Regulation 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
- Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012):
- Commission Decision 1999/35/CE of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 2004/883/CE of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
- Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.
- Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism (Communication from the European Commission, October 2007)
- European Commission - Enterprise and Industry - Tourism