Tourism statistics - occupancy rates in hotels and similar establishments
From Statistics Explained
- Data from July 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article is the first publication of March 2014 data on occupancy rates of bed places and bedrooms.
- 1 Main statistical findings
- 2 Data sources and availability
- 3 Context
- 4 See also
- 5 Further Eurostat information
- 6 External links
- 7 Notes
Main statistical findings
Occupancy rates of bed places
Data on occupancy rates of bed places for the most recent reference month available are compared with the same month of the previous year. In addition - and to smoothen fluctuations - data from January to the most recent available month of the current year are compared with the same period one year earlier (see Figure 1).
In March 2014 compared with March 2013, net occupancy rates of bed places in the European Union decreased by 1.2 percentage points (see Table 1). These rates ranged from 21.7 % in Romania to 51.6 % in Malta (see Figure 2).
Looking at the three months' period from January to March 2014, net occupancy rates of bed places in the EU recorded a slight decrease (-0.3 percentage points) compared with the same period of the previous year (see Table 1). In three Member States (Malta, Lithuania and Denmark) an increase of more than 2.0 percentage points was observed, while the national figures of Austria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Cyprus and Slovakia, showed a decrease of at least 1.0 percentage point in the first quarter of 2014 compared with 2013.
Occupancy rates of bedrooms
Data on occupancy rates of bedrooms from January to March 2014 are compared with the same months of the previous year (see Table 2) (please note that aggregates for EU-28 and from January to the most recent available month of the current year are not available for bedroom occupancy rates).
In March 2014, occupancy rates of bedrooms in hotels and similar accommodation of EU Member States where data is available ranged from 26.9 % in Croatia to 62.9 % in Malta. More than 60 % of the available bedrooms in Malta, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom have been in use, while the corresponding rates in Serbia, Croatia, Bulgaria and Slovakia were less than 30 % (see Figure 3).
The highest occupancy rate of bedrooms during the three months’ period from January to March 2014 was observed in Austria in February (66.0%).
Data sources and availability
Data on arrivals for the same reference period are available in Eurobase. For more recent data on nights spent, see Nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments.
The EU is a major tourist destination, with five Member States among the world’s top ten destinations for holidaymakers, according to UNWTO data. Tourism is an important activity in the EU which has the potential to contribute towards employment and economic growth, as well as to development in rural, peripheral or less-developed areas. These characteristics drive the demand for reliable and harmonised statistics within this field, as well as within the wider context of regional policy and sustainable development policy areas.
- All articles on tourism statistics
- Tourism statistics - nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments
Further Eurostat information
- Tourism (tour), see:
- Monthly data on tourism industries (tour_indm)
Methodology / Metadata
- Occupancy of tourist accommodation establishments (ESMS metadata file - tour_occ_esms)
Source data for tables and figures (MS Excel)
- With 2012 as reference year:
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
- Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
- Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012):
- Commission Decision 1999/35/CE of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 2004/883/CE of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
- Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.
- Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism (Communication from the European Commission, October 2007)
- European Commission - Enterprise and Industry - tourism