Tourism statistics - summer season occupancy
From Statistics Explained
- Data from February 2014, most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2013 summer season (June to September) in the European Union (EU) Member States, candidate and EFTA countries. Tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2012. This trend is confirmed both by the number of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, and by the net occupancy rates of bed places in these establishments.
Main statistical findings
Summer season tourism trends in 2013
Comparing the monthly figures for the 2013 summer season with the previous year, over 22 million more nights (+2.9 %) were spent in hotels and similar accommodation in the European Union. Positive growth rates were recorded in 19 out of 26 Member States where data is available. The highest increases were observed in the United Kingdom (+16.6 %) and Greece (+14.5 %) while Italy, Cyprus, Finland, Croatia, Czech Republic, Romania and Austria reported a decline (Figure 1).
Nearly three out of four nights in hotels and similar accommodation in the EU-28 were spent in six countries: Spain (17.8 %), Italy (16.8 %), Germany (12.9 %), France (10.6 %), the United Kingdom (9.7 %) and Greece (6.5 %). The most popular destinations for non-residents were Spain, Italy and Greece, together accounting for almost half of all nights spent by non-residents in the EU-28 (Table 1).
Nights spent by residents and non-residents
In the European Union, the number of nights spent by non-residents at hotels and similar accommodation increased by 6.3 % in summer 2013 compared with the same period of 2012. This tendency was observed in all Member States where data is available, except for Croatia, Cyprus, Finland and Czech Republic (Table 1).
The share of non-residents was more than 90 % in Malta (97.2 %), Cyprus (93.4 %) and Croatia (92.9 %), while it was particularly low in Romania (16.1 %).
In terms of nights spent by residents staying at hotels and similar accommodation, domestic tourism decreased during the 2013 summer season in the European Union (-0.6 %).
Net occupancy rates of bed places
Compared with the same months of the previous year, net occupancy rates of bed places in the European Union increased by 0.6 percentage points during the 2013 summer season. These rates ranged from 29.0 % in Slovakia (June) to 96.7 % in Croatia (August) (Table 2).
August was the month with the highest occupancy rates for all Member States except for Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Finland where July was the peak month. With 96.7 %, 89.7 %, 84.0 % and 81.9 % respectively, Croatia, Cyprus, Malta and Greece were the EU-28 countries with the highest net occupancy rates of bed places during their peak summer month (Figure 2).
Data sources and availability
Symbols ":" data unavailable or unreliable
The EU is a major tourist destination, with five Member States among the world’s top ten destinations for holidaymakers, according to UNWTO data. Tourism is an important activity in the EU which has the potential to contribute towards employment and economic growth, as well as to development in rural, peripheral or less-developed areas. These characteristics drive the demand for reliable and harmonised statistics within this field, as well as within the wider context of regional policy and sustainable development policy areas.
- Seasonality in tourism demand
- Tourism statistics
- Tourism statistics at regional level
- Tourism statistics - winter season occupancy
- Tourism trends
Further Eurostat information
- Recent Eurostat publications on tourism
- Europeans take 46% of their holidays in the third quarter of the year - Statistics in focus 54/2010
- July and August account for one third of all annual nights spent in accommodation establishments in the EU - Statistics in focus 53/2010
Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)
- Occupancy of tourist accommodation establishments (ESMS metadata file - tour_occ_esms)
With 2012 as reference year
- Regulation 692/2011 of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
- Regulation 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012)
- Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 1999/35/CE of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 2004/883/CE of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
- Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.
- Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism (Communication from the European Commission, October 2007)
- European Commission - Enterprise and Industry - Tourism