Tourism statistics - winter season occupancy
From Statistics Explained
- Data from August 2013. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2012-2013 winter season in the European Union (EU) Member States and EFTA countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2011-2012.
Main statistical findings
Winter season tourism trends in 2012-2013
In 15 out of 22 Member States where data is available, nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments recorded positive growth rates during the winter season 2012-13 compared with the same period of the previous year. The highest increases were observed in Slovakia (+9.6 %) and Malta (+9.0 %) (Table 1 and Figure 1).
Nevertheless, this positive growth is not reflected in the EU-28 figures where a drop of -0.4 % was observed. The decline reported by five mediterranean countries (Cyprus, Italy, Spain, Slovenia and Greece) but also Finland and France can explain this drop: 45 % of all the nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments of the EU are spent in these seven Member States.
The most popular destinations for tourists travelling outside their own country during the winter season 2012-2013 were Spain, Italy and Austria. The flows to these three countries accounted for nearly half of all nights spent by non-residents in the EU-28.
Nights spent by residents and non-residents
With the exception of Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Finland and Slovenia the number of nights spent by non residents (tourists travelling outside their own country) increased in the EU Member States in the winter season 2012-2013 compared with the same period of the previous year.
The highest shares of non-residents were recorded in Malta and Cyprus (93.8 % and 90.3 % respectively), while they were particularly low in Sweden (19.8 %), Romania (22.7 %) and Germany (22.8 %).
At EU-28 level the number of nights spent by non residents in hotels and similar accommodation increased by 1.9 %. However this was not sufficient to compensate for the drop by -2.1 % in nights spent by residents (people travelling inside their own country), given the dominant position of domestic tourism (56.2 %) in hotel nights.
Net occupancy rates of bed places
Compared with the same period of the previous year, net occupancy rates of bed places in the European Union increased by 0.2 percentage points during the 2012-2013 winter season. These rates ranged from 13.2 % in Croatia (January) to 64.0 % in Austria (February) (Table 2).
In most of the countries April was the month with the highest occupancy rates of bed places (Figure 2). Austria was the country with the highest net occupancy rate in the peak month (64.0 %, February), followed by Spain and the United Kingdom (both 47.3 %, in March and April respectively).
Net occupancy rates of bedrooms
With the adoption of Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, information on occupancy of hotels and similar establishments has significantly improved. From 2012 onwards, Member States transmit to Eurostat monthly data on net occupancy rate of bedrooms. This is a new variable complementing already existing information on net occupancy rate of bed places.
During the winter season 2012-2013 net occupancy rates of bedrooms in hotels and similar accommodation establishments ranged from 15.0 % in Croatia (January) to 73.1 % in Austria (February) (Table 3).
In most of the countries April was the month with the highest occupancy rates of bedrooms (Figure 3). Austria was the country with the highest net occupancy rate in the peak month (73.1 %, February) followed by the United Kingdom (63.8 %, April).
Data sources and availability
Symbols ":" data unavailable or unreliable
In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, in the 2012-2013 winter season, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most of the EU and EFTA countries, compared with the same period in 2011-2012.
Further Eurostat information
Methodology / Metadata
- Occupancy in collective accommodation establishments : domestic and inbound tourism (ESMS metadata file - tour_occ_esms)
Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)
- With 2012 as reference year:
- Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
- Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012):
- Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 1999/35/CE of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 2004/883/CE of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
- Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.
- Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism (Communication from the European Commission, October 2007)
- European Commission - Enterprise and Industry - Supporting European tourism
- Tourism statistics - summer season occupancy
- Seasonality in the tourist accommodation sector
- Seasonality in tourism demand
- Tourism statistics
- Tourism statistics at regional level
- Tourism trends
- ↑ The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2012/2013 winter season ran from November 2012 to April 2013.