Tourism statistics - winter season occupancy
From Statistics Explained
- Data from August 2014. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database. Planned article update: August 2015.
This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2013-2014 winter season in the European Union (EU) Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2012-2013.
- 1 Main statistical findings
- 2 Data sources and availability
- 3 Context
- 4 See also
- 5 Further Eurostat information
- 6 External links
- 7 Notes
Main statistical findings
Winter season tourism trends in 2013-2014
Comparing the monthly figures for the 2013-2014 winter season with the same period of the previous year, 15.4 million more nights (+2.9 %) were spent in hotels and similar establishments in the European Union. This positive growth was reflected in the national figures of 21 out of 25 Member States where data is available. The highest increases were observed in Greece (+17.3 %) and Bulgaria (+14.6 %), while the highest decline was reported by Cyprus (-11.6 %).
The most popular destinations for tourists travelling outside their own country of residence during the winter season 2013-2014 were Spain, Italy and Austria. The flows to these three countries accounted for half of all nights spent by non-residents in the EU-28.
Nights spent by residents and non-residents
At EU-28 level the number of nights spent by non-residents in hotels and similar accommodation establishments increased by 4.5 % in the winter season 2013-2014 compared with the same period of the previous year. With the exception of Cyprus, Slovakia and Austria this increase was reflected in the national figures of all Member states where data is available.
The highest shares of non-residents were recorded in Malta and Cyprus (93.9 % and 89.6 % respectively), while they were particularly low in Sweden (21.1 %), Romania (22.8 %) and Germany (23.4 %).
The number of nights spent by residents in hotels and similar accommodation increased by 1.7 % at EU-28 level, following the increase of domestic tourism in most Member States.
Net occupancy rates of bed places
Compared with the same period of the previous year, net occupancy rates of bed places in the European Union increased by 0.6 percentage points during the 2013-2014 winter season. These rates ranged from 14.3 % in Croatia (January) to 64.8 % in Malta (April) (Table 2).
In most of the countries April was the month with the highest occupancy rates of bed places (Figure 2). Malta was the country with the highest net occupancy rate in the peak month (64.8 %, April), followed by Austria (57.6 %, February) and Spain (52.7 %, April).
Net occupancy rates of bedrooms
With the adoption of Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, information on occupancy of hotels and similar establishments has significantly improved. From 2012 onwards, Member States transmit to Eurostat monthly data on net occupancy rate of bedrooms. This is a new variable complementing already existing information on net occupancy rate of bed places.
During the winter season 2013-2014 net occupancy rates of bedrooms in hotels and similar accommodation establishments ranged from 17.1 % in Croatia (January) to 75.1 % in Malta (April) (See Table 3).
In most of the countries April was the month with the highest occupancy rates of bedrooms (See Figure 3). Malta was the country with the highest net occupancy rate in the peak month (75.1 %, April) followed by the Netherlands (70.0 %, April).
Data sources and availability
Symbols ":" data unavailable or unreliable
In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, in the 2013-2014 winter season, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most of the EU countries, compared with the same period in 2012-2013.
- Seasonality in the tourist accommodation sector
- Seasonality in tourism demand
- Tourism statistics
- Tourism statistics - summer season occupancy
- Tourism statistics at regional level
- Tourism trends
Further Eurostat information
Methodology / Metadata
- Occupancy of tourist accommodation establishments (ESMS metadata file — tour_occ_esms)
- Tourism statistics in the European Statistical System - 2008 data
Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)
- With 2012 as reference year:
- Regulation 692/2011 of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
- Regulation 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
- Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012):
- Commission Decision 1999/35/CE of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 2004/883/CE of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
- Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.
- Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism (Communication from the European Commission, October 2007)
- European Commission - Enterprise and Industry - Tourism
- The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2013/2014 winter season ran from November 2013 to April 2014.