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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Tourism statistics - occupancy rates in hotels and similar establishments

Net occupancy rates of bed places in hotels and similar establishments, January to June 2014, EU-28 (%) NEW.png
This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates of bed places and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU) and contains the first publication of data for June 2014. More ...

New: Quarterly national accounts - main GDP aggregates ESA 2010

ESA 2010 versus ESA 95 GDP growth rates for EA18 1997Q1 to 2014Q2.png
This article presents key messages and explanations on Eurostat's first ESA 2010 based estimation of quarterly main gross domestic product (GDP) aggregates. It complements the first estimation of annual GDP presented in a news release published on 17 October 2014. More ...

Updated: International trade in medicinal and pharmaceutical products

Evolution of EU-28 trade in medicinal and pharmaceutical products, 2002-2013, (EUR billion).png
The European Union (EU-28) was by far the major world trader in medicinal and pharmaceutical products (SITC division 54) in 2013, with total trade amounting to EUR 171.1 billion. Exports made up about two thirds of this trade. The United States occupied the second position for trade in these products, at some distance, with trade worth EUR 83.9 billion. More ...

Updated: Housing price statistics - house price index

House Price Indices euro area and EU aggregates Index levels 2010 100 2014Q2.PNG
This article describes the house price index (HPI) in the euro area and the European Union (EU), presenting data on this indicator both at European and Member State level. It also provides examples of possible use of this indicator in relation to other statistics, such as consumer price indices, rent price indices and household disposable income. Finally, a summary description of the methodology used in the compilation of the HPI is given. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-09-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...

New: Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) - a statistical portrait - introduction

Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) - a statistical portrait.png
This article is an introduction to the online version of Eurostat’s publication Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) — A statistical portrait. This publication provides a selection of statistics on the European Union (EU), Norway and Switzerland in comparison with 20 Asian ASEM partners. It aims to give an insight into the society and economy of the ASEM partners. More ...

Updated: Material flow accounts

Materials available to EU-27 economies and how they are used, 2013 (tonnes per capita).png
Eurostat’s material flow accounts are a comprehensive data framework that systematically records the inputs of materials to European economies, breaking them down by material category such as fossil energy materials, biomass, metal ores etc. More ...

Statistics in focus: Pig farming sector - statistical portrait 2014

Number of sows by region (2013).png
This article provides a general overview of statistics on pig farming in the European Union (EU). Pigmeat is produced throughout the EU on several types of farms with considerable variations from one Member State to another. Three quarters of pigs are reared by just 1.5 % of the largest fatteners. Small pig producers are mostly found in the 13 Member States that joined the EU since 2004, which creates a decreasing size of the herd. The tasks of pig rearing are distributed across farms in the main production basins and even across regions. More ...

Today's article

Agricultural products

Production of cereals, EU-28, 2012 (1) (%, based on tonnes) YB14.png
There is a wide diversity of natural environments, climates, economic conditions and farming practices across Europe. They are reflected in the broad array of food and drink products that are made available for human consumption and animal feed, as well as a range of inputs for non-food processes. Indeed, agricultural products contribute to the cultural identity of Europe’s people and regions.

With this in mind, European Union (EU) legislation has been developed to protect particular food and drink product names which are linked to a specific territory or a specific production method, aiming to provide guarantees as to the origin (demarcation) and authenticity of a range of products.

Main statistical findings


In 2012, the EU-28 produced 285 million tonnes of cereals (including rice). Despite the vagaries of the weather, cereal production in the EU-28 was relatively stable between 2002 and 2012 — generally not fluctuating by more than +/-12 % (see Figure 1) — albeit with notably higher harvests in 2004 and 2008 and a relatively low one in 2003. The production of cereals in the EU-28 fell from a high recorded in 2008 with production down by 6.0 % in 2009 and by a further 6.0 % in 2010; in 2011 production increased by 4.0 % before a further fall (-3.4 %) was recorded in 2012. The production of cereals within the EU-28 was just 3.4nbsp;% lower in 2012 than it had been in 2002. More ...