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Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).

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Statistics in focus: Pig farming sector - statistical portrait 2014

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Number of sows by region (2013).png
This article provides a general overview of statistics on pig farming in the European Union (EU). Pigmeat is produced throughout the EU on several types of farms with considerable variations from one Member State to another. Three quarters of pigs are reared by just 1.5 % of the largest fatteners. Small pig producers are mostly found in the 13 Member States that joined the EU since 2004, which creates a decreasing size of the herd. The tasks of pig rearing are distributed across farms in the main production basins and even across regions. More ...

Updated: Material flow accounts

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Materials available to EU-27 economies and how they are used, 2013 (tonnes per capita).png
Eurostat’s material flow accounts are a comprehensive data framework that systematically records the inputs of materials to European economies, breaking them down by material category such as fossil energy materials, biomass, metal ores etc. More ...

Updated: Government finance statistics - quarterly data

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4 B9 SA EUEA 2014Q2 graph.png
In recent years Eurostat has significantly expanded the range of integrated quarterly data on government finances available, providing a timely and increasingly high quality picture of the evolution of government finances in the European Union (EU). The data presented in this article reflect both non-financial and financial (quarterly non-financial and financial accounts for general government) transactions and cover all European Union (EU-28) countries as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. This article is based on data transmitted to Eurostat at the end of September 2014 and during October 2014 and includes data coverage of the second quarter of 2014. It is the first ESA 2010 data published for quarterly government finance statistics. More ...

Updated: Maritime transport of goods - quarterly data

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Gross weight of seaborne goods handled in EU-28 main ports 2013Q4.png
This article presents the main results from quarterly statistics on maritime transport of goods in the European Union (EU), plus figures for Iceland, Norway and Turkey. It covers the gross weight of goods handled in the main European ports, by type of cargo, direction, reporting country and various partner maritime geographical areas. These data are complemented by maritime transport flows with the main extra-EU partners, and with individual results for the major European ports. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

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Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-09-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...

Updated: Residence permits statistics

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First residence permits issued in the EU-28 by reasons, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013..png
This article presents European Union (EU) statistics on first residence permits issued to non-EU citizens. Data are based on the regulatory framework of the Article 6 of the Regulation 862/2007 on migration and international protection statistics. Residence permit represents an authorization issued by the competent authorities of a country allowing third-country national (non-EU citizens) to stay legally on its territory. Data on residence permits are collected by reasons for issuing such permit. The main such reasons are: education, family, employment and other reasons (including stay without right to work, international protection, etc.). More ...

New: Quarterly national accounts - main GDP aggregates ESA 2010

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ESA 2010 versus ESA 95 GDP growth rates for EA18 1997Q1 to 2014Q2.png
This article presents key messages and explanations on Eurostat's first ESA 2010 based estimation of quarterly main gross domestic product (GDP) aggregates. It complements the first estimation of annual GDP presented in a news release published on 17 October 2014. More ...

Updated: Tourism statistics - occupancy rates in hotels and similar establishments

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Net occupancy rates of bed places in hotels and similar establishments, January to June 2014, EU-28 (%) NEW.png
This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates of bed places and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU) and contains the first publication of data for June 2014. More ...

Today's article


Gender pay gap statistics

Figure1 The unadjusted Gender pay gap,2012.jpg
The article below shows how gender inequalities in terms of pay vary widely among Member States of the European Union (EU) and among groups of employees.

The unadjusted gender pay pap (GPG) is an important indicator used within the European employment strategy (EES) to monitor imbalances in wages between men and women. It is defined as the relative difference (in percentage) between the average gross hourly earnings of women and men.

Main statistical findings

Gender pay gap levels

The gender pay gap remains high in Europe

For the economy as a whole[1], in 2012, women's gross hourly earnings were on average 16.4 % below those of men in the European Union (EU-28) and 16.7% in the euro area (EA-17). Across Member States the gender pay gap varied by 27.5 percentage points, ranging from 2.5 % in Slovenia to 30.0 % in Estonia (Figure 1). More ...

  1. Here defined as industry, construction and services except public administration and defense and compulsory social security: NACE Rev. 2 Sections B to S with the exception of Section O.
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