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| Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.
Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.
To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area
and its main components issued by Eurostat
. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
This article provides a general overview of statistics on pig farming
in the European Union (EU)
. Pigmeat is produced throughout the EU on several types of farms with considerable variations from one Member State to another. Three quarters of pigs
are reared by just 1.5 % of the largest fatteners. Small pig producers are mostly found in the 13 Member States that joined the EU since 2004,
which creates a decreasing size of the herd. The tasks of pig rearing are distributed across farms in the main production basins and even across regions. More ...
In recent years Eurostat
has significantly expanded the range of integrated quarterly data on government finances available, providing a timely and increasingly high quality picture of the evolution of government finances in the European Union (EU)
. The data presented in this article reflect both non-financial and financial (quarterly non-financial and financial accounts for general government
) transactions and cover all European Union (EU-28
) countries as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.
This article is based on data transmitted to Eurostat at the end of September 2014 and during October 2014 and includes data coverage of the second quarter of 2014. It is the first ESA 2010
data published for quarterly government finance statistics. More ...
’s material flow accounts are a comprehensive data framework that systematically records the inputs of materials to European economies, breaking them down by material category such as fossil energy materials
, metal ores
etc. More ...
This article presents European Union (EU)
statistics on first residence permits
issued to non-EU citizens. Data are based on the regulatory framework of the Article 6 of the Regulation 862/2007
on migration and international protection statistics.
Residence permit represents an authorization issued by the competent authorities of a country allowing third-country national (non-EU citizens) to stay legally on its territory. Data on residence permits are collected by reasons for issuing such permit. The main such reasons are: education, family, employment and other reasons (including stay without right to work, international protection, etc.). More ...
This article presents key messages and explanations on Eurostat
's first ESA 2010
based estimation of quarterly main gross domestic product (GDP)
aggregates. It complements the first estimation of annual GDP presented in a news release
published on 17 October 2014. More ...
This article presents the main results from quarterly statistics on maritime transport of goods in the European Union (EU)
, plus figures for Iceland, Norway and Turkey. It covers the gross weight
of goods handled in the main European ports
, by type of cargo, direction, reporting country and various partner maritime geographical areas. These data are complemented by maritime transport flows with the main extra-EU
partners, and with individual results for the major European ports. More ...
This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates
of bed places
and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments
in the European Union (EU)
and contains the first publication of data for June 2014. More ...
This article provides information on recent statistics in relation to tourism in the European Union (EU). Tourism plays an important role in the EU because of its economic and employment potential, as well as its social and environmental implications. Tourism statistics are not only used to monitor the EU’s tourism policies but also its regional and sustainable development policies.
In 2010, more than one in seven enterprises in the European non-financial business economy belonged to the tourism industries. These 3.4 million enterprises employed an estimated 15.2 million persons. Enterprises in industries with tourism related activities accounted for 11 % of the persons employed in the whole non-financial business economy and 29 % of persons employed in the non-financial services sector. The tourism industries' shares in total turnover and value added at factor cost were relatively lower, with the tourism industries accounting for 6 % of the turnover and 9 % of the value added of the non-financial business economy.
Main statistical findings
Tourism volume — demand and supply
Residents (aged 15 and above) from within the EU-28 made 1 041 million holiday trips in 2012. Short trips (of one to three nights) accounted for more than half (55.4 %) of the total trips made (see Table 1), while approximately three quarters (76.1 %) of all trips made were to domestic destinations, with the remainder abroad.
In some EU Member States, over half the total number of holidays trips were to destinations abroad; this was the case for Luxembourg, Belgium, Malta and Slovenia. However, less than 10 % of holiday trips taken by residents of Romania, Spain, Greece and Portugal were abroad. These figures appear to be influenced by both the size of the Member State and its geographical location (smaller and more northerly countries tended to report a higher propensity for their residents to take holidays abroad).