Main Page

From Statistics Explained

This is the stable Version.

Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-08-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...

Updated: Material flow accounts

Materials available to EU-27 economies and how they are used, 2012 (tonnes per capita).png
Eurostat’s economy-wide material flow accounts (EW-MFA) constitute a comprehensive data framework that systematically records the inputs of materials to European economies in a detailed breakdown by material categories such as fossil energy materials, biomass, metal ores etc. More ...

Updated: Tourism statistics - nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments

Percentage change in number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments, March 2014 compared with March 2013 (%).png
This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU). The data of the most recent reference month available are compared with the same month of the previous year, in addition and to smoothen fluctuations - data for a three months' period are compared with the same period one year earlier. More ...

New: Physical imports and exports

Physical imports and exports of goods by main material category, EU-27, 2000-2012 (tonnes per capita).png
Unlike the EU's monetary value of trade its physical trade balance is asymmetric. The EU imports nearly three times more goods by weight from the rest of the world than it exports. Quantitatively the physical imports into the EU are dominated by fossil fuels More ...

New: Resource productivity statistics

Res Prod compared to GDP and DMC 2000-2012.png
This article presents recent statistics on resource productivity in the European Union (EU) and its Member States. The EU’s resource productivity has increased by 29.2 % in the 2000–12 timeframe. Whereas resource productivity has slowly increased over the years between 2000 and 2007, the sharp increase between 2008 and 2010 was, to a large extent, caused by a decline in various resource-intensive industries during the economic crisis. More ...

Updated: Unemployment statistics

Change in the number of unemployed persons (compared to previous month, in thousands), seasonally adjusted, January 2006 - July 2014.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000.

Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Updated: Living standard statistics

Change in median income in 2011 compared with 2010 after adjusting for inflation.png
This article focuses on living standards in the European Union (EU), as measured by the median equivalised disposable income. Living standards fell in 17 Member States in 2011 compared with a year earlier, after adjusting for inflation. More ...

New: Migrant integration statistics - employment

Evolution of activity rates in EU-28, population aged 20-64 years by broad groups of citizenship, 2007-13.png
Migrants play an important role in the labour markets and economies of the countries they settle in. This article presents European Union statistics on the employment of migrants as part of monitoring their integration and assessing their situation in the labour market. This in turn makes it easier to evaluate the outcomes of integration policies. More ...

Today's article

Education statistics at regional level

Participation rates of four year-olds in pre-primary and primary education (ISCED levels 0 and 1), by NUTS 2 regions, 2012 (1) (% of four year-olds) RYB14.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat Regional Yearbook publication. It presents a selection of the regional education and training statistics that are available within Eurostat. Education, vocational training and more generally lifelong learning play a vital role in the economic and social strategies of the European Union (EU).

Main statistical findings

Figures for the EU-28 for 2011 indicate that there were 93.7 million students enrolled in regular education systems covering all levels of education from primary to postgraduate studies; there were an additional 15.4 million children enrolled in pre-primary education.

Eurostat compiles and publishes education and training statistics for EU regions, the individual EU Member States, as well as the EU-28 aggregate; in addition, a subset of information is available for EFTA and candidate countries. These statistics are generally available for NUTS 2 regions and this article presents data relating to educational participation and early leavers from education and training, enrolments and attainment, and adult lifelong learning. Statistics for the participation rates of four year-olds and the number of students in tertiary education are only available at the national level for Croatia, while these indicators are presented for NUTS 1 regions across Germany and the United Kingdom.

Participation of four year-olds in education

Map 1: Participation rates of four year-olds in pre-primary and primary education
(ISCED levels 0 and 1), by NUTS 2 regions, 2012 (1)
(% of four year-olds) - Source: Eurostat (educ_regind)

The legal age to start education varies across the EU Member States: in Luxembourg and Northern Ireland (in the United Kingdom) compulsory education starts at age four, while in other EU regions it starts between five and seven years of age; enrolment in pre-primary education is generally voluntary across most EU Member States. The Europe 2020 strategy emphasises raising participation rates of young children in preparation for the start of compulsory education. One of its headline targets is to raise the share of children participating in pre-primary education to at least 95 % by the year 2020. More ...