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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Living standard statistics

Change in median income in 2011 compared with 2010 after adjusting for inflation.png
This article focuses on living standards in the European Union (EU), as measured by the median equivalised disposable income. Living standards fell in 17 Member States in 2011 compared with a year earlier, after adjusting for inflation. More ...

Updated: Unemployment statistics

Change in the number of unemployed persons (compared to previous month, in thousands), seasonally adjusted, January 2006 - June 2014.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000.

Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Updated: Tourism statistics - nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments

Percentage change in number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments, March 2014 compared with March 2013 (%).png
This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU). The data of the most recent reference month available are compared with the same month of the previous year, in addition and to smoothen fluctuations - data for a three months' period are compared with the same period one year earlier. More ...

Updated: Material flow accounts

Materials available to EU-27 economies and how they are used, 2012 (tonnes per capita).png
Eurostat’s economy-wide material flow accounts (EW-MFA) constitute a comprehensive data framework that systematically records the inputs of materials to European economies in a detailed breakdown by material categories such as fossil energy materials, biomass, metal ores etc. More ...

New: Resource productivity statistics

Res Prod compared to GDP and DMC 2000-2012.png
This article presents recent statistics on resource productivity in the European Union (EU) and its Member States. The EU’s resource productivity has increased by 29.2 % in the 2000–12 timeframe. Whereas resource productivity has slowly increased over the years between 2000 and 2007, the sharp increase between 2008 and 2010 was, to a large extent, caused by a decline in various resource-intensive industries during the economic crisis. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-07-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...

New: Physical imports and exports

Physical imports and exports of goods by main material category, EU-27, 2000-2012 (tonnes per capita).png
Unlike the EU's monetary value of trade its physical trade balance is asymmetric. The EU imports nearly three times more goods by weight from the rest of the world than it exports. Quantitatively the physical imports into the EU are dominated by fossil fuels More ...

New: Migrant integration statistics - employment

Evolution of activity rates in EU-28, population aged 20-64 years by broad groups of citizenship, 2007-13.png
Migrants play an important role in the labour markets and economies of the countries they settle in. This article presents European Union statistics on the employment of migrants as part of monitoring their integration and assessing their situation in the labour market. This in turn makes it easier to evaluate the outcomes of integration policies. More ...

Today's article

Causes of death statistics

Causes of death — standardised death rate, 2010 (per 100 000 inhabitants) YB14 II.png
This article gives an overview of recent statistics on causes of death in the European Union (EU). By relating all deaths in the population to an underlying cause of death, the risks associated with death from a range of specific diseases and other causes can be assessed; these figures can be further analysed by age, sex, nationality and region (NUTS level 2), using standardised death rates.

Main statistical findings

The latest provisional information for the EU-28 relating to causes of death is available for the 2010 reference period. Table 1 shows that diseases of the circulatory system and cancer (malignant neoplasms) were, by far, the leading causes of death.

Between 2004 and 2010 there was an 8.4 % reduction in EU-28 death rates relating to cancer for men and a 4.8 % reduction for women; much larger reductions were recorded in relation to deaths from ischaemic heart disease or from transport accidents (where rates fell by more than 20 %) — see Figures 1 and 2. It should be noted that the time series for malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung that are presented in Figures 1 and 2 (as well as in Figure 6 later in this article) do not include data for Germany, Italy or the Netherlands as the time series for these Member States are not complete.

Diseases of the circulatory system

Diseases of the circulatory system include those related to high blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes and smoking; the most common causes of death from diseases of the circulatory system are ischaemic heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases. Ischaemic heart diseases accounted for 147.2 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants across the EU-28 in 2010. The EU Member States with the highest death rates from ischaemic heart disease were the Baltic Member States, Slovakia and Hungary — all close to or above 400 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2010. At the other end of the range, France, Portugal, the Netherlands, Spain, Luxembourg and Belgium had the lowest death rates from ischaemic heart disease — below 100.0 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2010. More ...