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| Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.
Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.
To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).
This article presents European Union (EU)
statistics on first residence permits
issued to non-EU citizens. Data are based on the regulatory framework of the Article 6 of the Regulation 862/2007
on migration and international protection statistics.
Residence permit represents an authorization issued by the competent authorities of a country allowing third-country national (non-EU citizens) to stay legally on its territory. Data on residence permits are collected by reasons for issuing such permit. The main such reasons are: education, family, employment and other reasons (including stay without right to work, international protection, etc.). More ...
This article provides a general overview of statistics on pig farming
in the European Union (EU)
. Pigmeat is produced throughout the EU on several types of farms with considerable variations from one Member State to another. Three quarters of pigs
are reared by just 1.5 % of the largest fatteners. Small pig producers are mostly found in the 13 Member States that joined the EU since 2004,
which creates a decreasing size of the herd. The tasks of pig rearing are distributed across farms in the main production basins and even across regions. More ...
This article presents the very latest unemployment
figures for the European Union (EU)
, the euro area
and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000.
Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle
. However, other factors such as labour market
policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution
. More ...
This article presents key messages and explanations on Eurostat
's first ESA 2010
based estimation of quarterly main gross domestic product (GDP)
aggregates. It complements the first estimation of annual GDP presented in a news release
published on 17 October 2014. More ...
’s material flow accounts are a comprehensive data framework that systematically records the inputs of materials to European economies, breaking them down by material category such as fossil energy materials
, metal ores
etc. More ...
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area
and its main components issued by Eurostat
. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
In recent years Eurostat
has significantly expanded the range of integrated quarterly data on government finances available, providing a timely and increasingly high quality picture of the evolution of government finances in the European Union (EU)
. The data presented in this article reflect both non-financial and financial (quarterly non-financial and financial accounts for general government
) transactions and cover all European Union (EU-28
) countries as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.
This article is based on data transmitted to Eurostat at the end of September 2014 and during October 2014 and includes data coverage of the second quarter of 2014. It is the first ESA 2010
data published for quarterly government finance statistics. More ...
This article presents recent statistics on resource productivity
in the European Union (EU)
and its Member States. The EU’s resource productivity has increased by 31.5 % in the 2000–13 timeframe. Whereas resource productivity has slowly increased over the years between 2000 and 2007, More ...
This article presents structural business statistics (SBS); these data describe the structure, main characteristics and performance of economic activities across the European Union (EU). While the statistics presented in this article are generally analysed at the level of NACE sections readers should note that structural business statistics are available at a much more detailed level (several hundred sectors).
Structural business statistics can provide answers to questions on the wealth creation (value added), investment and labour input of different economic activities. The data can be used to analyse structural shifts, for example from industry to services, country specialisations in particular activities, sectoral productivity and profitability, as well as a range of other topics. Because they are available broken down by enterprise size class, structural business statistics also permit a detailed analysis of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which is of particular use to EU policymakers and analysts wishing to focus on entrepreneurship and the role of SMEs. Furthermore, structural business statistics provide useful background information on which to base an interpretation of short-term statistics and the business cycle.
Main statistical findings
Services activities accounted for the two largest shares of the enterprise population within the EU-28’s non-financial business economy (industry, construction, distributive trades and non-financial services) when analysed at the NACE section level: slightly fewer than 3 in every 10 (28.4 %) of the 22.1 million enterprises in the EU’s non-financial business economy were classified to distributive trades (motor trades, wholesale trade and retail trade), while just under one in six (17.2 %) were in professional, scientific or technical activities — see Figure 1. Many of these business services have benefitted from the outsourcing phenomenon, which may explain, in part, the structural shift towards services.