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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Statistics in focus: Government expenditure on public order and safety

General government expenditure on public order and safety, % of GDP, 2012 V2.png
In the framework of the European System of National Accounts (ESA95), Eurostat collects data on general government expenditure by economic function according to the international Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG) – see methodological note.

This publication presents for the first time detailed COFOG data on public order and safety for the European countries. This became possible due to progress in the availability and quality of voluntarily transmitted COFOG level II data. More ...

Updated: Environmental goods and services sector

4-EGSS market output latest available year (% of GDP) v2.png
This article presents the main results from the statistics on the environmental goods and services sector in the European Union (EU) and its Member States for which data are available. More ...

New: Greenhouse gas emissions by industries and households


Greenhouse gas emissions, analysis by activity, EU-27, 2000 and 2011.png
This article analyses the emissions of three greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the European Union (EU) on the basis of an analysis of the industries and households that are responsible for their generation. It briefly explains the differences between the data on GHG emissions reported under the Regulation 0691/2011 on European environmental economic accounting and the data reported to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto protocol. More ...

New: Inland waterway transport statistics

EU-28 transport of metal ores and other mining and quarrying products; peat; uranium and thorium (03) by main reporting countries in 2012.png
This article presents inland waterways goods transport in the European Union (EU) and other countries connected to the EU inland waterways network. It focuses on the main products transported, based on annual data for 2012 and comparisons with previous years. More ...

Statistics in focus: Evolution of government expenditure by function

Total general government expenditure, % of GDP, 2012.png
This publication analyses global trends in the structure of general government expenditure breakdown by their main socio-economic function (according to the Classification of the Functions of Government - COFOG), with a focus on social protection expenditure.

Eurostat collects data on general government expenditure by economic function according to the international Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG) in the framework of the European System of National Accounts (ESA95). More ...

Updated: Sustainable development - climate change and energy

Greenhouse gas emissions, EU-27 1990-2020.png
This article provides an overview of statistical data on sustainable development in the areas of climate change and energy. They are based on the set of sustainable development indicators the European Union (EU) agreed upon for monitoring its sustainable development strategy. More ...

New: Waste statistics - electrical and electronic equipment


F1 EEE put on the market and WEEE collected treated.png
This article gives an overview of developments relating to waste electrical and electronic equipment in the European Union (EU) and some European non-member countries; it draws exclusively on data collected within the framework of Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-03-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...

Today's article

International trade in goods

Shares in the world market for exports, 2012 (% share of world exports) YB14.png
This article discusses the development of the European Union’s (EU) international trade in goods. It considers the EU’s share in world import and export markets, intra-EU trade, the EU’s main trading partners, and the EU’s most widely traded product categories.

The EU-28 accounts for around one sixth of the world’s trade in goods. The value of international trade in goods significantly exceeds that of services (by about three times), reflecting the nature of some services which makes them harder to move across borders.

Main statistical findings

Extra-EU trade

EU-28 international trade in goods with the rest of the world (the sum of extra-EU exports and imports) was valued at EUR 3 481 148 million in 2012 — see Figure 1; as such, trade activity for the EU-28 registered record levels for both exports and imports. In comparison with a year before, total trade in the EU-28 increased by EUR 198 583 million in 2012.

After experiencing a sharp fall in both exports and imports in 2009, the EU-28 saw its exports rise each year thereafter to reach a record level of EUR 1 683 076 million in 2012, an increase of 8.3 % compared with the year before. This was largely driven by increases in the level of exports of the two largest categories, machinery and transport equipment and other manufactured goods. Imports of goods rose by 4.0 % in 2012 and also reached a record level, valued at EUR 1 798 072 million, with the largest gains recorded for imports of mineral fuels and lubricant products and chemicals.

More ...