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| Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.
Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.
To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).
For the second year in a row, Eurostat has produced an EU/USA comparison, based on supply, use and input-output tables, that can be used to study patterns of globalisation.
In 2011, imports embodied in exports were back to 2008 levels in the United States and even higher in the European Union (EU)
(2.7 % average annual growth) and the euro area (EA)
(7.3 %). More ...
This article presents key messages and explanations on Eurostat
's first ESA 2010
based estimation of quarterly main GDP
aggregates. It complements the first estimation of annual GDP presented in a News Release
published on 17 October 2014. More ...
The European Union (EU-28
) was by far the major world trader in medicinal and pharmaceutical products (SITC
division 54) in 2013, with total trade amounting to EUR 171.1 billion. Exports made up about two thirds of this trade. The United States occupied the second position for trade in these products, at some distance, with trade worth EUR 83.9 billion. More ...
This article describes the house price index (HPI)
in the euro area
and the European Union (EU
), presenting data on this indicator both at European and Member State level. It also provides examples of possible use of this indicator in relation to other statistics, such as consumer price indices
, rent price indices and household disposable income. Finally, a summary description of the methodology used in the compilation of the HPI is given. More ...
This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates
of bed places
and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments
in the European Union (EU)
and contains the first publication of data for June 2014. More ...
This article provides a general overview of statistics on pig farming
in the European Union (EU)
. Pigmeat is produced throughout the EU on several types of farms with considerable variations from one Member State to another. Three quarters of pigs
are reared by just 1.5 % of the largest fatteners. Small pig producers are mostly found in the 13 Member States that joined the EU since 2004,
which creates a decreasing size of the herd. The tasks of pig rearing are distributed across farms in the main production basins and even across regions. More ...
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area
and its main components issued by Eurostat
. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
This article is an introduction to the online version
publication Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) — A statistical portrait
. This publication provides a selection of statistics on the European Union (EU)
, Norway and Switzerland in comparison with 20 Asian ASEM partners. It aims to give an insight into the society and economy of the ASEM
partners. More ...
There is a wide diversity of natural environments, climates, economic conditions and farming practices across Europe. They are reflected in the broad array of food and drink products that are made available for human consumption and animal feed, as well as a range of inputs for non-food processes. Indeed, agricultural products contribute to the cultural identity of Europe’s people and regions.
With this in mind, European Union (EU) legislation has been developed to protect particular food and drink product names which are linked to a specific territory or a specific production method, aiming to provide guarantees as to the origin (demarcation) and authenticity of a range of products.
Main statistical findings
In 2012, the EU-28 produced 285 million tonnes of cereals (including rice). Despite the vagaries of the weather, cereal production in the EU-28 was relatively stable between 2002 and 2012 — generally not fluctuating by more than +/-12 % (see Figure 1) — albeit with notably higher harvests in 2004 and 2008 and a relatively low one in 2003. The production of cereals in the EU-28 fell from a high recorded in 2008 with production down by 6.0 % in 2009 and by a further 6.0 % in 2010; in 2011 production increased by 4.0 % before a further fall (-3.4 %) was recorded in 2012. The production of cereals within the EU-28 was just 3.4nbsp;% lower in 2012 than it had been in 2002.