This article provides an overview of recent statistics on housing in the European Union (EU) and EFTA countries, focusing on dwelling types, tenure status (owning or renting a property), housing quality and affordability.
Decent housing, at an affordable price in a safe environment, is a fundamental need and right. Ensuring this need is met, which is likely to alleviate poverty and social exclusion, is still a significant challenge in a number of European countries.
Main statistical findings
Type of dwelling
In 2012, 41.6 % of the EU-28 population lived in flats, just over one third (34.0 %) in detached houses and 23.7 % in semi-detached houses. The share of persons living in flats was highest across the EU Member States in Estonia (65.1 %), Spain (65.0 %) and Latvia (64.4 %). The share of people living in detached houses peaked in Croatia (73.0 %), Slovenia (66.6 %), Hungary (63.9 %), Romania (60.5 %) and Denmark (57.1 %); Norway also reported a high share (60.7 %) of its population living in detached houses. The highest propensities to live in semi-detached houses were reported in the United Kingdom (60.9 %) and in the Netherlands (60.0 %)— see Figure 1.