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Statistics Explained, Ihr Wegweiser durch die europäischen Statistiken.

Statistics Explained ist eine offizielle Eurostat Website, die alle statistischen Themen auf eine leicht verständliche Weise präsentiert. Zusammen bilden die Artikel eine Enzyklopädie europäischer Statistiken, ergänzt durch ein statistisches Glossar, das entsprechende Begriffe erklärt, sowie durch zahlreiche Links zu weiteren Informationen sowie zu neuesten Daten und Metadaten - ein nützliches Portal für gelegentliche und häufige Nutzer.

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Aktualisiert: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2002-2014-03-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. Mehr ...

Statistics in focus: Evolution of government expenditure by function

Total general government expenditure, % of GDP, 2012.png
This publication analyses global trends in the structure of general government expenditure breakdown by their main socio-economic function (according to the Classification of the Functions of Government - COFOG), with a focus on social protection expenditure.

Eurostat collects data on general government expenditure by economic function according to the international Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG) in the framework of the European System of National Accounts (ESA95). Mehr ...

Aktualisiert: Environmental goods and services sector

4-EGSS market output latest available year (% of GDP) v2.png
This article presents the main results from the statistics on the environmental goods and services sector in the European Union (EU) and its Member States for which data are available. Mehr ...

Aktualisiert: Sustainable development - climate change and energy

Greenhouse gas emissions, EU-27 1990-2020.png
This article provides an overview of statistical data on sustainable development in the areas of climate change and energy. They are based on the set of sustainable development indicators the European Union (EU) agreed upon for monitoring its sustainable development strategy. Mehr ...

Neu: Inland waterway transport statistics

EU-28 transport of metal ores and other mining and quarrying products; peat; uranium and thorium (03) by main reporting countries in 2012.png
This article presents inland waterways goods transport in the European Union (EU) and other countries connected to the EU inland waterways network. It focuses on the main products transported, based on annual data for 2012 and comparisons with previous years. Mehr ...

Statistics in focus: Government expenditure on public order and safety

General government expenditure on public order and safety, % of GDP, 2012 V2.png
In the framework of the European System of National Accounts (ESA95), Eurostat collects data on general government expenditure by economic function according to the international Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG) – see methodological note.

This publication presents for the first time detailed COFOG data on public order and safety for the European countries. This became possible due to progress in the availability and quality of voluntarily transmitted COFOG level II data. Mehr ...

Neu: Greenhouse gas emissions by industries and households


Greenhouse gas emissions, analysis by activity, EU-27, 2000 and 2011.png
This article analyses the emissions of three greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the European Union (EU) on the basis of an analysis of the industries and households that are responsible for their generation. It briefly explains the differences between the data on GHG emissions reported under the Regulation 0691/2011 on European environmental economic accounting and the data reported to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto protocol. Mehr ...

Neu: Waste statistics - electrical and electronic equipment


F1 EEE put on the market and WEEE collected treated.png
This article gives an overview of developments relating to waste electrical and electronic equipment in the European Union (EU) and some European non-member countries; it draws exclusively on data collected within the framework of Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). Mehr ...

Artikel des Tages

Consumer prices - inflation and comparative price levels

HICP all-items, development of the annual average inflation rates, 2002–12 (%) YB14 I.png
An increase in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy is called inflation; it is usually measured by consumer price indices or retail price indices. Within the European Union (EU) a specific consumer price index for the purpose of tracing price developments has been developed — it is called the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP). If there is inflation within an economy, then the purchasing power of money falls as consumers are no longer able to purchase the same amount of goods and services (with the same money). By contrast, if prices fall, then consumers should be able to purchase more goods and services; this is often referred to as deflation. When there is no change in prices (or relatively low rates of inflation) this may be referred to as a period of price stability.

Purchasing power parities estimate price level differences between countries and these can be used to calculate price level indices, which may in turn be used as a starting point for analysing price convergence between countries or regions.

Main statistical findings

Inflation: price changes over time

Compared with historical trends, consumer price indices rose at a relatively modest pace during the last two decades. The inflation rate of the EU (an evolving aggregate reflecting EU membership) decreased during the 1990s, reaching 1.2 % by 1999, after which the pace of price increases settled within the range of 2.0 % to 2.3 % per annum during the period 2000 to 2007. Mehr ...